The condition of the soil on Earth is deteriorating day by day. Every 5 seconds, the soil of land equal to a soccer pitch is getting degraded and damaged. The latest estimate states that in three decades 90% of the soil on our planet can be degraded if serious measures are not taken right now. Hence, there is a dire need to save the soil and protect it from degradation.
Unfortunately, no one is aware of the fact that the soil condition is depleting and it needs immediate attention. World Soil Day is celebrated every year on December 5 to raise awareness about the degrading condition of the soil. It aims to make people aware of how they can restore the condition of the soil and improve its health.
Topsoil is disappearing very fast
Without the presence of soil, this Earth would be nothing but full of rocks and wouldn’t be able to produce any crops, flowers, and fruits. Even then we take the soil for granted and do not take into consideration that overuse and use of chemicals is affecting its health. Earthworms burrow into the earth and ingest soil particles. Simultaneously they expel nutrient-rich casts as they are on a constant search for food. That is why they are such important creatures for maintaining the health of the soil on Earth.
The general perception is that soil is indestructible and endless. But that is not true. Very few people know that 7.5 percent of the surface of the earth can be used for agriculture. Importantly this topsoil is very fragile. Around 95% of topsoil on our planet is used for producing food. However, this topsoil is now disappearing very fast, rather 10 times faster than the speed it is being replaced.
Naturally, in the years to come it can threaten the communities and livelihoods of the people in turn will make a drastic impact on the food supply. With the population around the globe increasing rapidly it can ultimately lead to a shortage of food around the world.
And that is why celebrating Soil Day every year and emphasizing its importance has become quintessential.