Ans: - People here in Odisha speak Odia language.Earlier, it was spelled as Oriya.It is an Indo-Aryan language and is also the official language of Odisha.
Ans: - In 1936,Odisha (formerly Orissa) got separated from Bihar. Odisha and Bihar were the part of the Bengal Presidency under the British until 1912. On 1 April 1912, the province of Bihar and Orissa was segregated from Bengal, and it came under the authority of the governor of Bihar and Orissa. Both the Provinces were under the authority of Governor of Bihar and Odisha.
Ans: - Odisha (formerly Orissa) was formed on 1 April 1936.
Ans:- According to the Tirumalai inscription of Rajendra Chola I, which is dated back to 1025 AD, the name Odisha is derived from the ancient Prakrit word "Odda Visaya" (also "Udra Bibhasha" or "Odra Bibhasha") The Pali text makes repeated mention of oddaka and Greek text refer to Orates, which can be equated with Ordra. In its place, arose the old tribal name Odra Desha, which was gradually transformed into Odisha (or Uddisha, or Udisa), which in English became Orissa.
Ans:-Yes, Odisha and Orissa are same. Orissa is an old name of Odisha.
Ans:- The name of the state was changed from Orissa to Odisha, and the name of its language from Oriya to Odia, in 2011, by the passage of the Orissa (Alteration of Name) Bill, 2010 and the Constitution (113th Amendment) Bill, 2010 in the Parliament.
Ans: -Total population of the state is 41,974,218 as per 2011 census. It’s around 4.7 Crore in 2020.
Ans: - There are 30 districts in Odisha.
Ans: - 314 blocks.
Ans:-There are 26 airports in Odisha, out of which two airports belong to Airport Authority of India (AAI), 21 airports belong to the State Government and one airport each belongs to IAF, ARC and SAIL.
Ans:-Odisha imports wheat, cereals, pulses, edible oil, onion, potato, Inland fish, banana, tobacco, oil seeds, fertilizers, drugs and pharmaceutical, gems and jewelry, chemicals, Iron and steel, metal and alloys, petroleum, rubber and leather materials from other states.
Ans:- Odisha exports metallurgical products, software and electronics items, engineering, electronics and software, chemical products, minerals, agriculture and allied products, marine products, handloom, handicraft, textile, and pharmaceutical products.
Ans: -Here’s a list of places, monuments, festivals and activities one can see in Odisha-
• Lord Jagannath temple at Puri is one of the oldest Hindu temples in the country. It was constructed by the king of the Ganga dynasty, Choda Ganga Dev in 12th century. It is one of the holy places of Chardham.
• The world famous Rath Yatra at Puri.The presiding deities Lord Jagannatha, Lord Balabhadra and Goddess Subhadra are taken from the Jagannath temple to Gundicha temple, which is around two kilometers away from their regular abode, on three chariots in this festival. The huge, colorfully decorated chariots are drawn by thousands of devotees on the grand road or bada Danda to the Gundicha temple which is considered to be the lord’s aunt’s house.
• The Surya mandir at Konark or the black Pagoda. Ornately sculpted, this 13th-century Hindu place of worship depicting the vast chariot of sun god, is a huge attraction for tourists.The UNESCO has listed it as a World Heritage Site.
• Chillika-Asia’s largest brackish water lagoon • Nalabana Bird Sanctuary in Chilika – It is the largest wintering ground for migratory birds on the Indian subcontinent.
• Lingraj Temple, Bhubaneswar- This in ancient Shiva temple with great architecture. It was constructed in the 11th century.
• Raghurajpur - A heritage crafts village in Puri district known for its master Pattachitra painters.
• Golden sandy sea beach of Puri.
• Bhitarkanika National park -Major attraction for its Crocodile and Mangrove Forest.
• Simlipal -National Park and Tiger Reserve.
• Chandaka Elephant sanctuary.
• Peace Pagoda Dhauli at Bhubaneswar.
• Udaygiri and Khandagiri caves in Bhubaneswar.
• Lalitgiri and Ratnagiri in Jajpur district that is one of the important Buddhistsites of the state.
• Popular Nandankana zoo with a white tiger safari at Bhubaneswar.
• Hirakud Dam at Sambalpur district. It is the longest earthen dam in Asia.
Ans: -Odisha is known for its -
• Rich Heritage
• Ancient Sculptures
• Art & Culture,
• Incredible Scenic Beauty
• Golden sandy beaches,
• Colorful fairs and festivals,
• Adorable flora and fauna
• Rich Ethnic Tribal Diversity
Ans: -Let’s know what’s Odisha famous for:-
• Puri‘s famous Jagannath temple holds a prominent place of importance for devotees all over the world. This is one of the oldest Hindu temples constructed by the king of the Ganga dynasty, Choda Ganga Dev in 12th century. It is one of the holy places of Chardham, and also well known for the annual chariot festival of Rath Yatra.
• Temple of Konark- Known as black pagoda ,Ornately sculpted, 13th-century Hindu place of worship depicting the vast chariot of sun god, Surya. UNESCO has listed it as a World Heritage Site.
• Chillika-Asia’s largest brackish water lagoon
• Nalabana Bird Sanctuary in Chilika – It is the largest wintering ground for migratory birds on the Indian subcontinent.
• Lingraj Temple, Bhubaneswar-An ancient Shiva temple with great architecture. Constructed in the 11th century.
• Raghurajpur - A heritage crafts village in Puri district known for its master Pattachitra painters. This art form is dating back to the 5th century BC. This village is also known for the Gotipua dance (the origin of classical Odissi dance form),Tussar Painting, Palm leaf engraving, stone carving, cow dung and papermache toys and mask.
• Vast coastline stretching 480 kms. (Beaches are represented by vast stretches of golden sandy land, deep blue sea and pleasant weather).
• Rushikulya and Gahirmatha- Largest breeding ground of Olive Ridley Sea Turtle in India.
• Bhitarkanika National park -Major attraction for its crocodile and mangrove forest.
• Simlipal -National Park and Tiger Reserve. It is the 7th largest national park in India. The park is mostly home to Bengal tiger
• Chandaka Elephant sanctuary. It is known for successful conservation of elephants.
• Dhauli-Striking white peace pagoda & Buddhist shrine constructed atop Dhauli Hill in 1972.
• Udaygiri and Khandagiri caves-Ancient cave with ornate rock carvings, with a Jain temple.
• Lalitgir and Ratnagiri- was once the site of a Mahaviharaand One of the important Buddhist site.
• Nandankana zoo-Popular zoo with a white tiger safari. Nandankanan is the only conservation breeding centre of Indian Pangolins in the world. Nandankanan is the only zoological park in India to become an institutional member of World Association of Zoos and Aquarium (WAZA)
• Hirakud Dam-The longest earthen dam in Asia, stands across the mighty river, Mahanadi, in the Sambalpur region of Odisha. It was the first major multipurpose river valley project after India's Independence in 1947.
• Rourkela Steel Plant-The first integrated steel plant in the public sector in India.
• Sambalpuri Handloom-A traditional hand-woven Ikat sari wherein the wrap and the weft are tie-dyed before weaving.
• Pipli of Puri district-Village of Appliqué artisans. Appliqué is ornamental needlework technique of applying small pieces of colorful fabrics onto a fabric base, often to depict flora, fauna, mythological and religious idols.
• Odissi dance-An ancient Indian classical dance form that originated in the Hindu temple.
• Cuttack filigree work-Highly skilled art form that is more than 500 years old.
• Niyamgiri Hills-the treasures of bauxites and scenic beauty, home for the colorful Dongria tribe.
• Bonda tribe in Bonda hills- A remote hilly tract in the Malkangiri district called Bonda hills, distinguished by steep slopes and dense green hills and forest, is home to the fierce and colorful Bondas, the ancient tribal community that has been unchanged for centuries and mostly untouched by civilization.
• Dokra Craft-is non–ferrous metal casting using the lost wax casting technique mainly found in Dhenkanal district.
• Chausathi (64) jogini temple in Ranipur Jharial of Bolangir dist and Hirapur of Khurda district. It is a tantric temple with hypaethral architecture.Tantric prayer rituals involve worshiping the environment that consist all the 5 elements of nature -fire, water, earth, sky and ether.
• Barabati fort-Ruins of a 14th-century fortress. A stone remnant of the carved gateway & ramparts of a 1300s fort dating from the Ganga dynasty.
Ans: - Ohd-i-saa
Ans: -Odisha is situated in the eastern Part of the Indian peninsula and west of the Bay of Bengal
Ans: - Odisha is located in the eastern Part of the Indian peninsula and the Bay of Bengal that lies to its East while Chhattisgarh shares its border in the west and north-west. Odisha also shares geographic boundaries with West Bengal in the north-east, Jharkhand in the north and Andhra Pradesh in the South.
Ans:-Odisha is in Eastern Zone of India.
Ans: - Mr. Naveen Patnaik is the Chief Minister of Odisha. He is the President of the Biju Janata Dal. Born on 16 October 1946; he is the younger son of Late Biju Patnaik, former chief minister of the state and the great son of the soil. Naveen Patnaik is a writer turned politician. He has authored three books.He has been serving as Chief Minister since 2000 and is the longest-serving CM in Odisha's political history.
Ans: -Samir Ranjan Dash is the School and Mass Education Minister of Odisha.
Ans: - Prof.Ganeshi Lal is the Governor of Odisha since 29 May 2018.
Ans: - Though not much has been talked about the Odia cuisines but Odisha is one such destination, where food connoisseur would be amazed to relish some of the best Odia food prepared in every household. Odia cuisines are unique and healthy as they are prepared with less oil and spices.
Here are some popular cuisines of Odisha-
• Pakhala Bhata- It is a popular dish during summer in every household of Odisha. It is prepared with cooked rice soaked in water overnight. There are many variations of pakhala often served with fried fish, badi choora, saga bhaja, aloo bharta among others.
• Dalma- It is a regular dish in Odisha. Instead of plain Dal, Odia people prefer Dalma. It is made with pulses (Mostly Moong Dal), vegetables like pumpkin, potato, papaya, yam, brinjal and other seasonal vegetables, with spices and a tadka.
• Khechidi:-It is a rice dish cooked with lentils and given a flavor with a tadka of cumin and red chilly and Deshi ghee.
• Santula- It is often made with various vegetables available during various seasons. While potato, brinjal are most commonly used to prepare this dish, drumstick, papaya, beans are also used. Boiled veggies are given a flavor with a tadaka of mustard seed, onion and chilly crackled in oil. Santula is a healthy dish, with no spices and less oil.
• Chaatu Rai: - A dish made from mushrooms and mustard paste.
• Potala alu rasa- It is another famous dish made with potatoes, pointed gourd. The dish is unique with distinctive flavors of various spices and thick gravy.
• Machha Besara: - A fish curry prepared with mustard paste.
• Tomato Khata:-A sweet-and –sour dish made from tomato and jaggery.
• Chhena Poda - One of the favorite sweets of the state, Chena Poda is prepared with cottage cheese, semolina and sugar syrup. The dessert is baked for hours which give a caramelized and crispy look
• Pitha- There are varieties of pitha or desi cakes in Odisha like Poda pitha, kakara pitha, chaukuli pitha, chitau pitha, arisa, monda pitha among others. These pithas are mostly made during various festivals.
• Rasabali- Another dessert prepared with cottage cheese, it is soaked in thik flavored milk. The dish is originated in Kendrapada
Ans: - Odisha is called Utkala because this is a land of excellent skilled art and craft. The word Utkala is derived from Utkarsha (excellent) + Kala (skilled Craft) = Utkala. First Word ‘Utkarsh’ meaning Excellence & ‘Kala’ means skilled craft.
Ans: - Odisha (Formerly Orissa) is also known as Utkala, Kalinga and Odra desha.
Ans: - Odisha is famous in the world for:-
• Puri Rathyatra(Chariot festival) of Lord Jagannath
• Jagannath temple of Puri
• Black Pagoda or Sun Temple of Konark.
• Asia’s largest brackish water lagoon Chillika
• Peace Pagoda Dhauli hill near where the great Ashoka fought the Kalinga war and turned Chandashoka to Dharmasoka.
• Hirakud- The longest earthen dam in Asia
Ans: - Odisha is called soul of India because the state is gifted with nature's bounty, a 485 km stretch of coastline with golden beaches, meandering rivers, phenomenal waterfalls, forest-clad blue hills of Eastern Ghats with 62 ethnic tribes and rich wild life. The state has a quite thriving heritage that houses many remarkable monuments and stunning temples of ancient times. Odisha is a place sacred to all, the Hindus, Jains and Buddhists; Odisha is a much venerated pilgrimage point for devotees.
Ans:-Odisha is a treasure trove of destinations for nature lovers. From lush green jungles to wild life habitats, the state is home to several places of unique biodiversity, and a variety of plants, birds and animals. Be it Asia’s largest brackish water lagoon Chillika, world’s second largest mangrove forest at Bhitarkanika or even the most picturesque gorge at Satkosia, there are several places to visit in Odisha for nature lovers.
Listed here are some places
• Daringbadi –Daringbadi is known as the Kashmir of Odisha, a hill station located in Kandhmal district is blessed with green valleys that are cloud-kissed during monsoon and gets snowfalls during extreme winters.
• Bhitarkanika National Park –located at Kendrapada district,this is the second largest mangrove ecosystem in the country and home to saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) the largest Indian Lizard (water monitor).
• SimilipalNational Park - Situated in Mayurbhanj district, it is the 7th largest national park in India and home to Bengal tiger, Asian elephant, gaur, and Chausingha.It is a place where Nature binds you with its awe inspiring beauty, grace, power and its calmness.
• Kuldiha Wild life Sanctuary -Encompassedin the Nilgiri Range of Balasore Wildlife Division, Kuldiha Sanctuary, is situated close to a string of tourist spots in the district, namely Chandipur sea beach, Remuna's Gopinath temple, Jagannath temple in Nilgiri Township, and the cave shrine of Panchalingeswar. The Kuldiha forest, covered with dense sal, rosewood, shimul trees and a host of parasitic trees, boasts of a rich flora and fauna
• Chillika Lagoon-The vast picturesque watery expanse over the districts of Puri, Ganjam and Khurda is known as Chilika. Asia’s largest brackish water lagoon is paradise for the bird lovers. More than 94 species of migratory birds can be seen here.
• Satapada -Odisha is also home to around 100-odd endangered Irrawaddy Dolphins that can be seen at Satapada. The site also houses the Sea Mouth Island where Chilika Lake meets the Bay of Bengal.
• Satakosia Sanctuary -Satkoshia Sanctuary at Anugul district is a beautiful eco system in Odisha. With magnificent gorge over the River Mahanadi it is a Tiger reserve and a breeding center of fresh water crocodile.
• Debrigarh Sanctuary -Debrigarh Sanctuary has miscellaneous forest fringing the Hirakud reservoir and is an abode of Tiger, Leopard, Gaur, Sambar, Spotted deer and Chowsingha
• Nandankana zoo-Popular zoo with a white tiger safari. Nandankanan is the only conservation breeding centre of Indian Pangolins in the world.
• Balipadar-Bhetnoi-: Balipadar-Bhetnoi area comprises of about 70 villages of Buguda, Aska and Kodala forest ranges of Ganjam District Odisha where one can watch herds of the endangered black bucks (Antelope cervicapra) grazing playfully in verdant surroundings. Every villager here lives with a purpose—conservation of black bucks. Hunting of black bucks is considered a crime and villagers have been protecting these beautiful creatures for over a century now.
Ans: - Odisha has 30 districts.
Ans:-Odisha, formerly called Orissa, is located on the eastern part of India. Odisha is surrounded by the states of Jharkhand and West Bengal to its north and northeast, Chhattisgarh to the west and Andhra Pradesh and Telengana in its South.
Ans: -Biju Patnaik International Airport is the primary airport located at Bhubaneswar.
Ans: - Bhubaneswar Railway Station (BBS) serves Bhubaneswar, the capital of the Indian state of Odisha and it is the headquarters of the East Coast Railway zone of the Indian Railways.
Ans: -Odisha is an Agrarian State. Almost 70 per cent populations of the State are dependent on agriculture. The major crops are rice, pulses, oil seeds, jute, coconut and turmeric. The crops like tea, cotton, groundnut and rubber are of great economic importance in other parts but Rice is the dominant crop in Odisha which is grown on 77% of the area. The agriculture sector contributes only about 26 per cent of the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP), Odisha stands at 8th in the country in rice production with 5.87 million tonnes.
Ans: - Odisha is the leading producer of Bauxite, chromites, graphite, manganese ore, iron ore, quartzite, and dolomite.
Ans: - Odisha is one of the warmest regions in India.The state has tropical climate with high temperature, high humidity,medium to high rainfall and short or mild winter.Odisha has an average daily temperature is 32 degree centigrade. Odisha comes under the Sub humid category implying deficient winter rains.
Ans: - Odisha High court is situated in Cuttack. On 1 April 1936, Odisha was made a separate province but it did not have a separate High Court.Odisha (formerly Orissa) and Bihar provinces were under the jurisdiction of Calcutta High court. But it was difficult to administratively manage such a vast area, inhabited by people speaking in different languages and having different traditions. So The Government of India agreed to create a new High Court, and for that purpose the Government of India issued the Orissa High Court Order, 1948, under the Section 229(1) of the Government of India Act 1935 on 30 April 1948.And Finally Odisha High Court was formally Inaugurated on 26th July 1948.
Ans:- Despite being rich in natural resources like it has largest deposits of many minerals, it is blessed with many rivers and water bodies, a long stretch of coastline highly favorable for maritime trade, and vast tracts of highly fertile lands Odisha is known to the world as a poor state because of some reasons
• Odisha’s per capita income is much below the national average. Odisha has 96 thousand Indian rupees per capita in the financial year 2019 against 135 thousand rupees of national average.
• Odisha is second among 14 states with the highest incidence of poverty. About 33 per cent of the Odisha’s population is very poor, another 18 per cent are marginally poor and 15 per cent are poor. So nearly two-thirds of the state’s population are poor and can’t afford two square meals a day.
• State’s agricultural productivity is one of the lowest in the country, and it is deep in debt.
• As the state is one of the Agriculture based state where more than 70 percent people depend on Agriculture but the irony is that the state’s 72 out of 314 blocks still do not have irrigation facility for 35 per cent of cultivable land.
• The farm sector in Odisha, suffers from a plethora of problems ranging from lack of storage and distribution network, poor irrigation cover, low minimum support price for farm produce, corruption in the distribution of seeds and fertilisers and insatiable middlemen and money lenders who hold farmers to ransom.
• Only 2 per cent of households in Odisha have access to piped drinking water.
• Only 28 per cent of the total road length in the state is surfaced (as compared to 90 per cent in Punjab and Haryana).
• More than 50 per cent of the villages don’t have all-weather roads, as a result of which farmers cannot transport their produce to the markets and don’t get remunerative prices
• The mega investment came through Posco and Arcelor Mittal could not Materialized due to land and other issue.
• Odisha was one of the first states to be explored by IT (information technology) giants like Infosys and Satyam but due to many infrastructure and related issues, the IT majors shifted their operations to other states.
• On top of all this, Odisha has suffered by mega scams like the Chit fund scam of about 10 thousand corers and mega Mining scam where the companies illegally extracted minerals and the state had to lose about Rs 60,000 Crore revenue.
Ans: - Odisha is not developing as it should be because
• Odisha is in deep debt burden.
• Lowest agricultural productivity in the country.
• One-third population of the state is living in poverty.
• No new job opportunities.
• Mega investment Posco and Arcelor Mittal project that are supposed to generate more employment opportunity could not materialize.
• Corruption and Scams like Chit fund and Mining scams has played a vital role in backwardness and least development of Odisha.
• Government has so many policy and projects for the development of the people but due to lack of proper implementation on the ground, the people cannot grow and the state as well.
• Ease of doing business is not properly encouraged in the state. According to NITIAYOG Report, in Odisha, not even 32 per cent enterprises have availed the benefit of the State’s much-touted Single Window System owing to poor implementation on the ground. Also, only 22 per cent enterprises in the State have any knowledge about their environment category and, thereby, the State finished second from bottom. Moreover, in access to finance by enterprises in Odisha, the State’s entrepreneurs did speak of greater amount of obstacle in access to institutional finance
• One party (BJD) is ruling for last 20 years and it has become monopoly and careless.
• Lack of strong Opposition in the Govt who can question or can put pressure on Govt.
• Odissi Dance:-This is a classical dance form of Odisha, which is originated from the temples. In this dance form, mythical and religious stories and poems emoted by the dancers through expressions, body movements, and gestures. A normal Odissi dance style comprises of Mangalacharana, Batu Nrutya, Pallavi, and Abhinaya& Moksha
• Gotipua Dance:-These is considered as the oldest form of Odissi dance.In this Gotipua dance, mostly young boys, from 6-14 years of age are dressed as females and perform the dance. Even though the Gotipua dance is relevant to Odissi style but the techniques, costumes and presentation vary.
• Chhau Dance: - it is the semi classical Indian dance originated in the Mayurbhanj district of Odisha with martial, tribal and folk tradition of Odisha.It’s performed during the Chaita Parva. Masks worn during this performance are of vital importance as they are used to convey emotions and the nature of the character
• Sambalpuri folk dance:-It is a folk dance form of western Odisha. The songs and performances of this form comprise of the typical touch of tribal and rural cultures. The dance is accompanied by a number of instruments known as Dhol, Mahuri and many more.
• Bagha Nacha:-Bagha Nacha is another folk dance form of Odisha. This form is also known as Tiger dance. Here the male dancers, who perform, paint their bare body with yellow and black stripes just like that of a tiger’s skin and attach a tail at their back to look like a tiger. This dance form is seen mostly in south Odisha.
• Jodi Sankha Dance: -Jodi Sankha or Double Conch is a unique representation of rural music. In this, the artists wear colorful costumes and perform to the music played.
• Ranapa Dance:-Ranapa literally means a stilt. In this dance form, the dancers stand upon stilts and dance with utmost ease. Young boys of cowherd community perform during festivals of Dola Yatra & Giri Govardhan Puja.
• Ghumura Dance:-Ghumura is a traditional folk dance of Kalahandi district of western Odisha.It is performed by male dancer only.
Ans:-Chillika Lake spreads across the districts of Puri, Khurda and Ganjam in the state of Odisha in eastern India, is the largest salt water lake. Some vital features of Chilika Lake are: It is formed by 52 rivers and rivulets; the water spread area of Chilika varies between 900 to 1165 sq.
Ans: - Distance from New Delhi to Bhubaneswar by Train is 1722 Kms.
Ans:-Distance between Bhubaneswar and Kedarnath is 2192 Kms
Ans:-There are around 2 trains that run from Bhubaneswar to Bangalore on a daily basis. One is HWH YPR EXPRESS (12863) and another is PRASANTI EXPRESS (18463)
Ans:-There are two trains running from Bhubaneswar to Chennai on a daily basis but there are 17 weekly trains from Bhubaneswar to Chennai.
Ans:-Distance from Bhubaneswar to Mumbai by train is 1786 Kms.
Ans:-Odisha has 30 Government Universities including state and central Universities.
State Universities under the administrative control of Higher Education Department
• Madhusudan Law University
• Utkal University
• Berhampur University
• Sambalpur University
• Ravenshaw University
• Maharaja Sriram Chandra Bhanja Deo University
• Shree Jagannath Sanskrit University
• Fakir Mohan University
• Rama Devi Women's University, Bhubaneswar
• Gangadhar Meher University
• Khallikote University
• Odisha State Open University
• National Law University
• Rajendra University
• Kalahandi University
• Birla Global University
• Centurion University of Technology and Management
• Sri Sri University
• Xavier University, Bhubaneswar
• ICFAI University
• ASBM University
State Universities under the administrative control of other Departments
• Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar
• Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology (VSSUT), Burla, Sambalpur
• Veer Surendra Sai Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Sambalpur
• Utkal University of Culture, Bhubaneswar
• Biju Patnaik University of Technology, Rourkela
• GIET University
• C V Raman University
• International Institute of Information Technology, Bhubaneswar
• AIPH University
Universities under the administrative control of Govt. of India/ UGC
• Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Bhubaneswar
• Siksha 'O' Anusandhan, Bhubaneswar
• Kalinga Institute of Social Sciences, Bhubaneswar
• Central University of Odisha