Nitesh Kumar Sahoo

India, a land of diverse cultures, languages, and traditions, has a rich history of producing pioneers who have excelled in various fields. From science and technology to arts and sports, Indians have left an indelible mark on the global stage. This article celebrates the remarkable achievements of the first Indians who ventured into uncharted territories, setting new benchmarks and inspiring generations to come.

Here we bring a list of the pioneer Indians from various fields.

Politics and Governance

Rajendra Prasad, a prominent leader of the Indian freedom struggle, became the first President of independent India. His statesmanship and dedication to democratic values set the tone for the nation's political framework.

Prathibha Devisingh Patil is an Indian politician and lawyer who served as the 12th President of India from 2007 to 2012. She was the first woman to become the president of India.

Jawaharlal Nehru was India's first Prime Minister, serving as Prime Minister of the Dominion of India from 15 August 1947 until 26 January 1950, and thereafter of the Republic of India until his death in May 1964.

Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi was an Indian politician and stateswoman who served as the third Prime Minister of India from 1966 to 1977 and again from 1980 until her assassination in 1984. She was the first woman Prime Minister of India.

Civil Services

The first Indian to clear the IAS exam and become an IAS officer was C.S. Venkatachar. In 1947, the first IAS exam was held in India. Venkatachar appeared for the exam and was one of the 10 candidates who cleared it. He was allotted the Madras cadre and started his administrative career as an Assistant Collector in Madras.

Anna Rajam Malhotra was an Indian Administrative Service officer. She was the first woman in India to hold this position.

C.V. Narasimhan (Chakravarthi Vijayaraghava Narasimhan) was the First IPS Officer in India. He was the first IPS batch topper in 1948. Narasimhan was a recipient of Padma Vibhushan in 2001.

Kiran Bedi was the first woman to join the Indian Police Service (IPS) and was instrumental in introducing prison reform in India.

Science and Technology

Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, widely known as C.V. Raman, was the first Indian to win the Nobel Prize in Physics for his groundbreaking work on the scattering of light, a phenomenon now famously referred to as the "Raman Effect." His research not only contributed significantly to the field of optics but also showcased India's prowess in scientific inquiry.


Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy was the first Indian to obtain the F.R.C.S. degree and served as the Chief Minister of West Bengal for over a decade. His accomplishments in the medical field, along with his dedication to public service, continue to inspire medical professionals.

Anandi Gopal Joshi was a trailblazing Indian physician who became the first female doctor in India in 1886. Born in 1865 in a small village in Maharashtra, she got married at the age of 14. However, her husband, Gopalrao Joshi, was a progressive thinker and encouraged her to pursue her education.

Arts and Literature

Rabindranath Tagore was a prolific poet, writer, philosopher, and the first Indian to win a Nobel Prize. His deep insights into human emotions, cultural roots, and societal nuances are masterfully reflected in his literary works. Tagore's impact on world literature continues to be profound.

Business and Industry

Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata, known as J.R.D. Tata was a visionary industrialist and the founder of Tata Airlines (now Air India). He became the first licensed pilot in India, highlighting his entrepreneurial spirit and contributions to the aviation sector.


Milkha Singh is the First Indian Athlete to win gold at the Commonwealth Games (1958). Fondly Milkha is remembered as the "Flying Sikh." 


Dhundiraj Govind Phalke, popularly known as Dadasaheb Phalke, was an Indian producer-director-screenwriter. He is also known as "the Father of Indian cinema". His debut film, Raja Harishchandra, was the first Indian movie released in 1913, and is now known as India's first full-length feature film.

Satyajit Ray, a pioneer of Indian cinema, gained international recognition with his film "Pather Panchali," becoming the first Indian filmmaker to win the "Best Human Document" award at the Cannes Film Festival. His cinematic brilliance and storytelling techniques continue to influence filmmakers globally.

The list of pioneers in several other fields is quite extensive. However, each of the pioneers keeps inspiring generations.