A big paradox. Odisha was the first state in the country to have initiated power reforms way back in 1996. Gujarat went about power reforms much later – in 2002. However, when Odisha is languishing at 22nd rank in the Niti Aayog's State Energy and Climate Index (SECI) released Monday, Gujarat sits at the top.
However, the index has also taken into account other vital parameters like access to, affordability and durability of power to citizens (15), clean energy initiatives (15), energy efficiency (6), environment sustainability (12) and new initiatives (12).
Odisha In Niti Index
A look at the Niti Energy Index gives a sort of shock therapy to the State's power sector. Odisha could score only 37.1 out of 100. In almost all parameters, Odisha fared poorer than its neighbouring states, except Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.
The score assigned to Odisha in the parameter of 'Discoms' has been 59 compared to 61 by Bihar. (see the table above)
The Niti Aayog has judged the status of discoms in the states and UTs on the following nine indicators as given below.
- Debt-equity ratio
- AT&C losses
- ACS-ARR gap
- T&D losses
- ToD/ToU tariffs for consumers
- DBT Transfer
- Open access surcharge
- Regulatory Assets
- Complexity of Tariffs
The State carried out the power reforms to provide resilience to the energy distribution. But the Niti assessment reveals Odisha trailing behind poorly.
- The Niti report shows the net worth of discoms in Odisha on the negative side. The report puts the value at (-0.8). For this, the Odisha scored zero. The national average stands at 0.011.
- The AT and C loss in Odisha estimated at 29 percent against the national target of 12-15 percent by 2024-25.
- The AT and C loss in Gujarat at 12 percent.
- The ACS and ARR gap in Odisha is estimated at Rs 0.34per Kwh.
- The T and D losses in State is estimated at 19.8 percent as compared 21.3 percent.
As per the report, Odisha has been ranked third in the parameter of access, affordability and reliability. The aggregate score in this indicator is 57.4. The State scored high in the sub-indicators like per capita energy consumption, hours of electricity supplied to agricultural and industrial sectors, cross-subsidisation, life-line electricity and tariff.
As per the report, the per capita energy consumption in Odisha is estimated at 223.4kgoe per capita. Odisha is placed at 18th rank in the country in per capita energy consumption.
In this indicator, where the vital inputs like clean cooking fuel, renewable energy and electric vehicle penetration are assessed, Odisha languishes at 18th rank with a score of 4.9.
The report reveals that CNG penetration in the State is lower at 0.4 percent. The renewable energy penetration is also estimated at 1.6 percent compared to 17.8 percent in neighbouring Andhra Pradesh.
In this indicator, Aayog has evaluated the following inputs like energy savings in industry, buildings, and energy intensity. Odisha with a score of 21.8 is ranked 15th.
This parameter consists of four indicators namely energy intensity of GSDP, utilization of RE potential, the percentage change in forest cover and forest carbon stock. In the SECI score, Odisha was assigned 22.6. The State ranked 18th.
Among the major states, Odisha is third from the bottom. (see the image above)
This parameter consists of three indicators related to EV penetration, availability of charging infrastructure for EV, proportion of consumers with smart meters. The State with a score of 0.9 has been ranked 18th.