Al-Qaeda using social media to plan cyber-jihad: UK
The UK`s updated counter-terrorism strategy released yesterday suggests that terrorists` use of social media to disseminate information and radicalise people is "commonplace".
It warns that the number of attacks on IT systems would likely increase and that extremists were increasingly sophisticated in their use of social networking and video- sharing sites.
"Since the death of Osama bin Laden, al-Qaeda has explicitly called not only for acts of lone or individual terrorism but also for `cyber-jihad`," the document said.
"There have been a number of attempts by terrorist and extremist groups to `invade` Facebook. Twitter will be used to re-post media or forum articles enabling extremist content to be shared more quickly, widely and amongst people who would not normally search for extremist content."
Advances in technology – such as software to encrypt mobile phone calls and texts, file sharing networks and cloud computing – meant terrorists were able to store and share material online much more easily while also disguising their actions.
Home Secretary Theresa May said the UK must learn the lessons from how past terrorist incidents – such as the 7/7 bombings in London and the 2008 Mumbai attacks – had been planned and "work harder" to tackle radicalisation via the Internet.
"Our response must improve to keep pace," she said.
"Terrorists are increasingly using online technology, including Google Earth and Street View, for attack planning.
While radicalisation continues primarily to be a social process, terrorists are making more and more use of new technologies to communicate their propaganda," she said.
British Defence Secretary Liam Fox recently said that his department had dealt with more than 1,000 "potentially serious" attempted cyber attacks in the past year.