96 pc families having good houses in Haryana
Computers or Laptops have increased their reach in the last 10 years. She said that 13.2 per cent households own computers, out of which 5.3 per cent have access to internet and 7.9 per cent do not access the internet. As many as 79.3 per cent households possess a telephone, 66.9 per cent have only mobile phones, 4.5 per cent have only a landline and eight per cent have both mobile and landline. The percentage share of households having one married couple in a house remained the same during census of 2001 and 2011, that is 65.6 per cent, Sekhar said.
She released the Housing Census data which was collected during 45-day long first phase of Census (House listing and Housing census conducted from May one, 2010 to June 15, 2010) in which around 53,000 enumerators and supervisors in Haryana were involved, according to an official release here. High speed scanning of Schedules, Intelligent Character Recognition (ICR) technology, computerised image validation and efficient manual interventions has made it possible for the data to be released in a record period of less than two years, Sekhar said.
Housing information was collected through a notified House-listing schedule having 35 columns. As many as 18 columns related to houses and households, nine columns related to amenities available to the household and eight columns were about assets possessed by the households. In Haryana, there are 47,17,954 households in Census 2011 as compared to 35,29,642 in 2001 excluding Institutional households residing in 47,06,664 Census houses. The total number of Census houses have increased from 51,06,275 in 2001 Census to 70,88,008 in 2011 registering a net gain of 19,81,733, Sekhar said.
The number of shops and offices increased to 5,44,076 from 3,81,968 of 2001 Census. Around 96 per cent of households are living in good/livable houses. Only 4 per cent of households (2,09,270) are living in dilapidated houses, she said. As much as 32.5 per cent of households live in houses with concrete roofs and 23.9 per cent and 14.6 per cent in stone or slate and brunt brick roof houses respectively. The number of households living in the houses having roof of grass or thatch or bamboo or wood or mud have decreased from 16,54,226 in 2001 to 13,45,198 registering a decrease of 18.65 per cent.
The number of households having no exclusive room for themselves has increased from 45,273 in 2001 to 73,848 in 2011. While referring to amenities like drinking water, she said that percentage share of households having tap water as their main source of drinking water increased from 48.1 per cent to 68.8 per cent in 2011. As many as 72,072 households are using public latrine and 29.8 per cent households defecate in the open. Also, 68.1 per cent of the households have a separate bathroom facility and 14.4 per cent of households have bathroom without roof.
She said that 54.3 per cent of the households are using traditional fuel for cooking that is fire wood, crop residue and cowdung cake. In rural areas, its share is 74.8 per cent. However, in urban areas, its share is 19.6 per cent. In rural areas, the use of LPG is 24.1 percent and 77.6 percent in urban areas, she said. Sekhar said that 33.3 per cent of households are having facility of two wheelers, that is Scooter or Motorcycle or Moped. In the rural areas, 5.8 per cent of households are having four wheeler and 18.5 per cent of households in urban areas are having four wheelers.