The India Meteorological Department (IMD) earlier this week issued a heat wave warning in several parts of the nation. The areas that may experience a heat wave are many pockets of Gangetics West Bengal and Bihar, isolated pockets of Odisha and heat wave conditions very likely in “east Uttar Pradesh, Sub Himalayan West Bengal, Jharkhand, Konkan and Goa, Saurashtra and Kutch.” What Is Heat Stroke And How To Protect Yourself During Heat Wave? Heat stroke, commonly known as sunstroke, is a severe condition caused by prolonged exposure to high temperatures, resulting in a body temperature exceeding 40°C (or 104 F). This occurs when the body's temperature regulation mechanisms fail. It is a critical medical emergency that can cause organ damage and even death if not promptly treated. As per the information of the IMD, if you're unable to recognize heat stroke, be vigilant of the key symptoms such as a fever over 40°C (104°F) and other critical signs including: • Red, hot, and dry skin • Throbbing headache • Absence of sweating • Nausea and vomiting • Rapid heartbeat • Muscle weakness and cramps • Dizziness • Unconsciousness • Confusion • Convulsions • Altered mental status If you suspect someone has heat stroke, immediately shift them to a shaded or air-conditioned area. Ensure they are wearing loose or light clothing. Start cooling them with damp cloths or sponge baths, and then promptly seek medical attention at the nearest healthcare facility. The IMD has suggest some DO’s during the Heat wave condition • Drink sufficient water/ORS to keep yourself hydrated, even if not thirsty. • Avoid/reschedule heavy work and heat exposure during peak hot hours (12 P M to 4 P M) • Stand in shades & covered areas. • Vulnerable people (Children, Elderly and Sick) should avoid heat exposure. • Wear light colour cotton clothes. • Cover your head, use a cloth, hat or umbrella.