The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has issued new rules and regulations for procuring driving license in India. From June 1, 2024, driving tests will also be handled by private institutions along with the government RTOs. These private institutes will be authorized to conduct tests and issue certificates for license eligibility. The ministry has simplified the documentation process required for issuing a license. The type of vehicle whether a two-wheeler or four-wheeler determines the documents needed. This reduces the need for physical checkups at RTO. The Ministry has proposed stricter penalties for drivers. The fine for overspeeding remains within Rs 1000 to Rs 2000, but if a minor is caught driving then there will be hefty penalty of Rs 25,000. Additionally, the vehicle owner’s registration card will be cancelled and the minor will be ineligible for a license till 25 years of age. The new regulations aim at pollution reduction by phasing out 900,000 old government vehicles and imposing stricter car emission regulations. There are new rules for private driving schools whose training centers should meet the land requirement of minimum 1 acre of land and 2 acre for four-wheeler training. These schools must provide access to a suitable testing facility. The trainers must have a high school diploma, a minimum 5 years of driving experience and should be familiar with biometrics and IT systems. The training duration for light motor vehicles should be about 29 hours stretched within 4 weeks and the duration for heavy motor vehicles should be about 38 hours laid within 6 weeks. As per the new rules, the cost for issuing a learner’s license would be Rs 150 with an additional Rs 50 for the learner’s license test or a repeat test. For the driving test or a repeat test, if needed, the cost would be Rs 300. The cost for issuing a driving license would be Rs 200, while obtaining an International Driving Permit will at a higher rate of ₹1,000. If another vehicle class has to be added to a license, it would be charged at ₹500. For those driving hazardous goods vehicles, the cost of renewal would cost Rs 200 but if the renewal happens after the grace period, the fee would jump up to Rs 300 with an additional Rs 1000 per year or part thereof from the expiration of the grace period. Driving instruction schools will pay a sum of Rs 5000 for issuing or renewing licenses without the training and the same applies for getting a duplicate licenses form these schools. Appealing against the licensing authority orders under rule 29 would cost Rs 500. Changing the address or any other particulars of a driving license would cost Rs 200.