The port town Paradip in Odisha may submerge in the Bay of Bengal by the end of the 21st century, says an analysis by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
A report of the Intergovernmental Committee on Climate Change (IPCC) which has been used by the premier space agency to assess changes in sea levels in India estimates that 11 other coastal cities of India may face similar sea threat and go underwater by as much as three feet.
"Coastal areas will see continued sea-level rise throughout the 21st century, contributing to more frequent and severe coastal flooding in low-lying areas and coastal erosion with extreme sea-level events that previously occurred once in 100 years could happen every year by the end of this century,” said the IPCC Working Group I report.
The prediction says that apart from the port town of Odisha which is feared to be under 1.93 feet of sea water, Mumbai in Maharashtra, Okha in Gujarat, Kandla, Bhavnagar, Mormugao in Goa, Mangaluru in Karnataka, Chennai and Tuticorin in Tamil Nadu, Visakhapatnam in Andhra, Kochi in Kerala and Kidropore in West Bengal will also be at a greater risk.
As per the forecast, the global temperature will increase significantly by the year 2100. Terrible heat will have to be endured and if steep carbon emissions and pollution levels are not stopped, the average temperature will increase by 4.4 °C.
The IPCC report has issued dire warnings of continuous glacier melting in the Himalayas due to unprecedented global warming which could hasten the sea level rise.
The temperature will increase by 1.5 °C in next two decades which spur the effect. Already, sea level around Asia has been increasing at a faster rate than the average global rate, it said
Environmentalists have expressed serious concern over the IPCC report on global warming.
Jaykrushna Panigrahi, an environmentalist from Odisha said “Due to rise in temperature in northern and southern hemispheres, the big glaciers of the world started melting which helps rise in sea level. If the trend continues, the sea level will continue to rise. It may cause massive damage to human settlement and big cities on coastal areas.”