The World Health Organization (WHO) announced an initiative to vaccinate 40 per cent of the population of every country against Covid-19 by the end of 2021 and 70 per cent by mid-2022, by prioritising vaccine delivery to low-income countries, particularly those in Africa.
"Today, the WHO is launching the Strategy to Achieve Global Covid-19 Vaccination by mid-2022," Xinhua news agency quoted WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus as saying at a press briefing here on Thursday.
"The strategy outlines the road we must all take together to achieve our targets of vaccinating 40 per cent of the population of every country by the end of this year, and 70 percent by the middle of next year."
According to Tedros, achieving these targets will require at least 11 billion vaccine doses, which is an allocation problem instead of a supply problem.
"With global vaccine production now at nearly 1.5 billion doses per month, there is enough supply to achieve our targets, provided they are distributed equitably," he said.
According to the WHO's records, more than 6.4 billion vaccine doses have now been administered globally, and almost one-third of the world's population is fully vaccinated against the virus.
However, low-income countries have received less than half of one percent of the world's vaccines.
In Africa, less than 5 per cent of people are fully vaccinated.
Earlier this year, the WHO had set a target for all countries to vaccinate 10 per cent of their populations by the end of September, but 56 countries didn't make it.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who joined the WHO chief at the initiatve's launch, said: "Vaccine inequality is the best ally of the Covid-19 pandemic.
"But through dose sharing, swaps, technology transfers and other priority actions, it is possible to reduce deaths and minimize suffering, prevent health systems from being overwhelmed, resume social and economic activities, and reduce the risk of dangerous new variants."
The UN chief also renewed his appeal to the G20 nations for help, adding that "their meeting later this month will be an opportunity to deliver".
"I urge all global stakeholders to step up, mobilize their resources and turn this strategy into a reality," he said.