The Zika virus is a viral infection that is spread by certain mosquitoes. It is most commonly found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, including parts of South America, Central America, and the Caribbean.
Symptoms of Zika Virus
Symptoms of Zika virus infection are typically mild and may include fever, rash, joint pain, and red eyes. However, Zika infection during pregnancy can cause a birth defect called microcephaly, in which a baby's head is smaller than expected.ZIKV came to worldwide consideration in 2007, when it caused an unstable flare-up in Micronesia. Over the course of four months, it is estimated that approximately 75% of the island of Yap's population contracted the disease.
Precautions to be taken
There are several precautions that people can take to reduce their risk of Zika virus infection. One of the most important is to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes. This can be achieved by wearing long-sleeved shirts and pants, using insect repellent, and staying in places with air conditioning or window screens. It is also important to avoid exposing yourself to mosquito breeding sites, such as standing water, by getting rid of any containers that can hold water around your home.
Another important precaution is to avoid the sexual transmission of the virus. This can be achieved by using condoms consistently and correctly during sex, or by avoiding sex altogether if you or your partner have recently travelled to an area with Zika.
If you are pregnant or trying to become pregnant, it is especially important to take precautions to avoid Zika infection. This may include avoiding travel to areas with Zika and taking steps to prevent mosquito bites. If you have recently travelled to an area with Zika and are experiencing symptoms, it is important to see a healthcare provider for testing and treatment.
The Zika virus is a viral infection that can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women. To reduce your risk of Zika infection, it is important to avoid mosquito bites, avoid sexual transmission of the virus, and take extra precautions if you are pregnant or trying to become pregnant. By taking these steps, you can help protect yourself and your loved ones from the dangers of Zika.