Sangati Jogwar

News Highlights

  • People hard of hearing can take the help of hearing aids, assistive devices and cochlear implants.
  • Practicing preventive measures can help prevent hearing loss in both children and adults.

World Hearing Day is held on March 3 to create awareness among people about the problems related to ear and hearing. The aim is to prevent deafness and loss of hearing among people and also to promote hearing and ear care globally. 

Every year WHO (World Health Organization) decides the theme for World Hearing Day and accordingly, events and programs are held focussed on the theme. The theme for World Hearing Day 2024 is “Changing mindsets: Let's make ear and hearing care a reality for all!"

What are hearing loss and deafness?

A person who cannot hear or someone with normal hearing having a hearing threshold of around 20 dB or more in both ears is said to be suffering from hearing loss. The loss can be mild to moderate and severe to profound. It can affect one ear or both ears and in the long run, causes difficulty in hearing loud sounds or conversational speech.

People with hard hearing can take the help of hearing aids, assistive devices, and cochlear implants. In deaf people hearing loss is profound with most of them with complete or little hearing loss. In such cases, sign language is used for communication .

Importance of addressing ear and hearing problems

If a person is deaf from birth or has lost his hearing ability due to some accident or illness then he needs to take the help of hearing aids. But many times due to negligence people lose their hearing ability. That is why it is very important to address ear or hearing problems when they are at the initial stage.

WHO says that the causes that result in hearing loss can be avoided if clinical inventions are applied all through life. Around 60% of cases of hearing loss, especially in children can be avoided if proper prevention measures are implemented. For example, the most common causes that result in hearing loss in adults is due to exposure to ototoxic medicines and loud sounds. These certainly can be avoided.  

More often hearing loss can be prevented throughout the life course by following effective strategies at various stages of life. These include:

  1. Good childcare and maternal practices
  2. Immunization
  3. Genetic counselling
  4. Using medicines rationally so that ototoxic hearing loss can be prevented
  5. Identifying and managing common ear conditions
  6. Reducing exposure to loud sounds, especially in recreational settings to make listening safe