Elephant face-offs with villagers take place in the same places year after year. This shows no preventive solution adopted. Change in crop pattern will do wonder
Man-Jumbo Faceoff A Jumbo Problem In Odisha
This is an elephant in the room for Odisha. One Human life gets lost every 4-day in the State due to man-elephant faceoff. The result is the State sits at the top in the country in the number of human lives lost to elephant attacks.
These are samples of a handful of cases of man-jumbo conflict in Odisha. Data shows a whopping 93 lives were lost in the State in 2020-21 and 97 in 2021-22. The State has been maintaining a trend or recording the highest human causality in the country for the last three consecutive years. The human toll in 2019-20 was 117.
Odisha In Conflict Map
A glance at the data available with the Union Forest and Environment Ministry shows that Odisha is the only State to record a nearly 50 percent (47%) jump in deaths due to man-elephant conflict during the last 5 years. The human deaths in 2016-17 were 66.
A comparative data with high elephant density states like Assam, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Karnataka reveals that human deaths due to elephant attacks have been stabilised in all states, except Jharkhand.
But the toll in Jharkhand during the last five years was up by 25 percent as against 47 percent in Odisha. This shows the enormity is acute in the State.
Districts Under Jumbo Shadow
The Jumbo Solution
"Either farmers there may be persuaded to change the crops sown from paddy to cash crops like chilli and ginger or cultivate a bio-fence (made of thorny plants or growing beehives) by way of building up what is called a ‘living perimeter’ around the paddy crops to keep the big mammal at bay."