Even as Odisha has 110 industrial parks, the State fails to have a single sector-specific park to date. More so, when the State has 110 parks (in the mixed sector), none could secure a rank among Leader or Challengers club. The State languishes in the Aspirer group only.
Such a below-par status of Industrial parks in the State has been to the fore by the report Industrial Park Rating System (IPRS) 2.0 released today. The report is prepared by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Government of India.
Chhattisgarh Vs Odisha
As per the data available, neighbouring Chhattisgarh has around 59 industrial parks, when the count in Odisha stands at 110. But when it comes to aggregate performance and efficiency, Chhattisgarh beats Odisha convincingly. Among the neighbourhood, only Jharkhand falls behind Odisha.
The IPRS report shows over a dozen industrial parks in Chhattisgarh have been ranked in the club of Challengers. Odisha could make it into Aspirer club only
"Leaders are the group that registers the highest level of performance at an aggregate level, whereas Challengers perform a fraction lower than Leaders. But Aspirers are the ones that need significant intervention to bring up an improved performance," the report underlined.
None of the industrial parks in Odisha could make it into the top 131 industrial parks in the country. The State has been grouped with other eastern states like Bihar and Jharkhand.
No Rosy Future?
As per the report's findings, none of the industrial parks in Odisha has a vacancy of equal to or more than 50 per cent. Rather, the vacancy is estimated at around 17 percent.
"Such a low vacancy limits their ability to attract investments," the report observed.
As per the report, Odisha has a total of 5 operational SEZs (Special Economic Zones), But only one - Vedanta SEZ - could secure a place in the Challenger Club in the country.
Internal Infra In Parks - A Reality Check
According to the IPRS report, except for having railway siding facilities, Odisha simply cannot match up to the best practices adopted in other industrially developed states like Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and even Rajasthan.
The states that were ranked in the 'Leaders' And 'Challengers' Club have the following internal infra.
- Uninterrupted power supply
- Successfully availed the Centre's underground cabling scheme called Integrated Power Development System (IPDS)
- Assured water supply as per demand
- Industrial leader states have in place sewage/effluent treatment facilities, stormwater management etc.
No Sector-Specific Industrial Park
Even as Odisha figured among the top-10 states in the parameter of land availability for industrial parks and SEZs, the State is yet to have a sector-specific industrial park.
As per the report, the current trend is setting up sector-specific parks in the states. It says, "All top industrially developed states are now focussing on sector-specific parks to give a boost to industrial growth and job creation, as such parks give a boost to SME sector."
Neighbouring Chhattisgarh has joined the new trend as it has set up an Electronic sector industrial park in Naya Raipur, but Odisha is yet to join the new mainstream. In job creation, the electronic sector has been ranked better than the metal sector, studies show.