With Odisha figuring prominently at the twelfth position among states in India where the rise in criminal cases in the last two years (2020, 2021 till Dec 13) has been over 2 lakh, the task is cut out for the DGP designate Sunil Bansal.
As per the data available with the National Judicial Data Grid, the average number of criminal cases filed per day in the State during the last 2-years has been around 402. During the years 2020 and 2021 (till Dec 13), the total criminal cases taken up by the subordinate courts across the State has been over 2.932 lakh. Odisha is the 12th such state in the country where the rise in criminal cases in the last 2-years has been over 2 lakh.
On the contrary, the rise in Civil cases in the State during the same period has been slower. The rise in the last 2-years is estimated at 78,011. With a lesser rise, the State didn't figure in the top 15 states in the country that has seen a rise in Civil cases during the last 2-years.
The growth pace of criminal cases vis-a-vis civil cases in Odisha hints big. Crime in Odisha is rising at a galloping speed. And the Odisha police have to identify the grey districts in the State that carry the crime load.
Crime Prone Districts
The data with NJDG reveals that in November the State saw the registration of 21,244 criminal cases. Nayagarh tops among districts with 2842 cases. The other districts in the top -10 include Cuttack (1809), Sundargarh (1484), Sambalpur (1420), Khordha (1346), Angul (1227), Jajpur (1152), Bhadrak (1024), Mayurbhanj (886) and Puri (884).
The year till date has seen the registration of a whopping 35,866 criminal cases filed by women in the State. And the State Headquarters district Khordha tops with a massive load of 5,256 cases. Other top-10 districts are Balasore (3,990), Cuttack (3,631), Sambalpur (3,054), Bhadrak (2,759), Ganjam (1,738), Jajpur (1,482), Mayurbhanj (1,459), Puri (1,442) and Sundargarh (1049).
As per a BPRD report, crime mapping of districts/areas is essential for the police to bring down the rate of crime in a region. And in order to accomplish the objective, the police have to activate its LIUs (local intelligence unit) in the crime-prone districts/regions, the report added.
Odisha Versus Neighbours
When it comes to criminal cases, neighbouring Andhra Pradesh saw an increase of 1.703 lakh in the last two years in 2020 and 2021 (till Dec 13), Chhattisgarh witnessed a rise by 1.47 lakh, West Bengal (3.62 lakh), Jharkhand (1.47lakh).
The data shows more criminal cases in the states of Odisha and West Bengal. Though Odisha has a higher population than Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand, it is lower than Andhra Pradesh (5.46 cr) and West Bengal (10.9 cr).
The comparison, thus, shows that the crime load in Odisha is higher than its biggest neighbours.