New Delhi/Bhubaneswar: The Education Ministry on Wednesday released the New Education Policy (NEP) which ensures major reforms in higher education and has set a target of 50% gross enrollment ration by 2035 and provision for multiple entry and exit.
As per the NEP, the 10+2 system will be divided into 5+3+3+4 format. The NEP changes the school education system to 5+3+3+4 format.
Moreover, as per he New Education Policy of the Ministry, MPhil courses are likely to be discontinued.
MPhil courses to be discontinued under new National Education Policy approved by Union Cabinet
— Press Trust of India (@PTI_News) July 29, 2020
Schools will not have any rigid formation of streams of arts, commerce, science, students can take up whichever courses they want.
The Education Policy has been modified after 34 years. The NEP was last set-up in 1968 and updated in 1992. It has been followed since then. The NEP 2020 will be available in 22 languages and audio books.
Some of other features of the New Education Policy include graded academic, administrative and financial autonomy of institutions and single regulator for all higher education working under a self-disclosure based transparent system for approvals in place of numerous 'inspections'.
Meanwhile, e-courses will be developed in regional languages. The Ministry said that virtual labs will be developed and a National Educational Technology Forum(NETF) is being created.
Focusing on basic literacy and basic numeracy, the Ministry will go for major changes in the pedagogical structure of curriculum with no rigid separation between streams and all separations between vocational and academic, curricular and extra-curricular will be removed, according to the New Education Policy.
The NEP also focus on testing actual knowledge instead of rote learning. Mother tongue to be the medium of instruction till 5th grade and the report cards will be a comprehensive report on skills and capabilities instead of just marks and statements.
Meanwhile, public investment in the education sector is expected to reach 6% of GFP at the earliest - currently it is around 4.43%.