New Delhi: In a historic judgement in the sensitive Ayodhya land dispute case, the Supreme Court on Saturday directed the Centre to form within three months a trust which will build a temple at the disputed site.
Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi said, "We have dismissed the Special Leave Petition (SLP) filed by Shia Waqf Board challenging the order of 1946 Faizabad Court."
While reading out judgement, Gogoi said, "Babri mosque was built by Mir Baqi. It is inappropriate for the Court to get into area of theology. This court must accept faith and accept belief of worshippers and preserve balance.
"The claim of Nirmohi Akhara is only of management. Nirmohi Akhara is not a 'Shabait'. Arguments were made on archaeology report. Archaeological Survey of India's credentials are beyond doubt and its findings can’t be neglected," stated the bench.
Hindus consider Ayodhya as birthplace of Lord Ram,they have religious sentiments,Muslims call it Babri mosque. Faith of Hindus that Lord Ram was born here is undisputed. Hindus have faith and belief that Lord Ram was born under the dome. Faith is a matter of individual belief.
"Titles can’t be decided on faith and belief but on the claims. Historical accounts indicate the belief of Hindus that Ayodhya was the birthplace of Lord Ram," the SC bench observed.
There is evidence that Ram Chabutra, Sita Rasoi was worshipped by the Hindus before the British came. Evidence in the records shows that Hindus were in the possession of outer court of the disputed land. The mosque was not abandoned by the Muslims. Though the Hindus continued to worship at Ram Chabutra but they claimed ownership on Garbh Garha also.
There is no evidence that Muslims abandoned mosque.Hindus always believed birthplace of Lord Ram was in inner courtyard of mosque. Clearly established that Muslims offered prayer inside inner courtyard & Hindus offered prayers in outer courtyard, reported news agency ANI quoting Supreme Court.
Supreme Court orders that Central Govt within 3-4 months formulate scheme for setting up of trust and hand over the disputed site to it for construction of temple at the site and a suitable alternative plot of land measuring 5 acres at Ayodhya will be given to Sunni Wakf Board.
Vishnu Shankar Jain, Hindu Mahasabha Lawyer: Supreme Court has said, "to give 5 acres alternate land to Muslims at a prominent place in Ayodhya."
Varun Kumar Sinha, Lawyer of Hindu Mahasabha said, "It is a historic judgement and Supreme Court has given the message of unity in diversity.
On the other hand, Zafaryab Jilani, Sunni Waqf Board Lawyer said, "We respect the judgement but we are not satisfied, we will decide further course of action."
Responding on the Ayodhya Judgement, Bihar CM Nitish Kumar said, "The SC judgement should be welcomed by everyone, it will be beneficial for the social harmony. There should be no further dispute on this issue, that is my appeal to the people."
Union Minister Nitin Gadkari said, everyone must accept the Supreme Court judgement and maintain peace.
Iqbal Ansari, one of the litigants in Ayodhya case, said, "I am happy that Supreme Court has finally delivered a verdict, I respect the judgement of the court."
"Nirmohi Akhara is grateful that SC has recognised our fight of last 150 years and has given the Nirmohi Akhara adequate representation in the trust to be set up by the Central Government to build & manage the Shri Ram Janmasthan Temple," said Kartik Chopra, spokesperson, Nirmohi Akhara:
Zafaryab Jilani, All India Muslim Personal Law Board said, "We respect the verdict but the judgement is not satisfactory. There should be no demonstration of any kind anywhere on it. We will file a review petition if our committee agrees on it. It is our right and it is in Supreme Court's rules as well."
On Ayodhya verdict, Congress' Randeep Surjewala said, "Supreme Court's verdict has come, we are in favour of the construction of Ram Temple. This judgement not only opened the doors for the temple's construction but also closed the doors for BJP and others to politicise the issue."
"The Honourable Supreme Court has given its verdict on the Ayodhya issue. This verdict shouldn’t be seen as a win or loss for anybody. Be it Ram Bhakti or Rahim Bhakti, it is imperative that we strengthen the spirit of Rashtra Bhakti. May peace and harmony prevail!," tweeted PM Narendra Modi.
Modi further wrote, "SC’s Ayodhya Judgment is notable because: It highlights that any dispute can be amicably solved in the spirit of due process of law. It reaffirms the independence, transparency and farsightedness of our judiciary. It clearly illustrates everybody is equal before the law."