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Tag: Researchers

artifical-intelligence
Artificial Intelligence can help predict premature deaths: Study

London: Researchers have developed an Artificial Intelligence (AI)-based system to predict the risk of early deaths due to chronic disease in middle-aged adults. The study, published by PLOS ONE journal, found that the new AI Machine Learning models known as “random forest” and “deep learning” were very accurate in its predictions and performed better than […]

Hearing Aid
Hearing loss before 50 may increase drug abuse risk

New York: People below 50 years who suffer from hearing loss are more likely to misuse opioids, alcohol and other drugs than their peers who have no such disorder, say researchers. The findings showed adults under 35 years with a hearing loss were 2.5 times more likely to have a prescription opioid use disorder. In […]

brain
MIT researchers develop MRI sensor to peek deep inside brain

New York: Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have devised a new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique to image calcium activity deep in the brain. Calcium is a critical signalling molecule for most cells, and it is especially important in neurons. Using the non-invasive technique, the researchers can track signalling processes inside the […]

toothpaste
Common toothpaste ingredient making antibiotics less effective, says study

New York: A common ingredient found in toothpastes and handwashes could make antibiotics less effective in treating conditions like urinary tract infections (UTIs), which, if left untreated, can become life-threatening, say researchers. Triclosan is the active ingredient responsible for the “antibacterial” property which is added to toothpaste, mouthwash, cosmetics. It is even added to clothing, […]

highlighted intestines
Cutting out on these foods can alleviate gastrointestinal issues

London: Cutting out specific foods can alleviate gastrointestinal issues for physically active people, especially a runner, researchers say. The study, conducted by researchers from the Anglia Ruskin University in Britain, showed that a low fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide, monosaccharide and polyol (or FODMAP) diet reduces some of the issues caused by exercise such as stomach cramps […]

hearing-problems
Hearing loss may up cognitive decline with age, says study

New York: Hearing impairment is associated with accelerated cognitive decline with age, though the impact of mild hearing loss may be lessened by higher education, researchers say. The findings suggest that those with more serious hearing impairment had worse performance at the initial visit on a pair of commonly used cognitive assessment tests. However, the […]

alcohol2
Researchers identify gene for treatment of alcoholism

New York: Researchers have identified a gene that could provide a new target for developing medication to prevent and treat alcoholism, according to a new study on mice. Researchers at Oregon National Primate Research Center (ONPRC) in the US discovered a gene that had lower expression in the brains of non-human primates which voluntarily consumed […]

Cancer-image3
Researchers develop new prostate cancer prediction tool, says study

New York: Researchers, including one of an Indian-origin, have developed a novel machine-learning framework that can distinguish between low and high-risk prostate cancer with more precision than ever before, according to a new study. The study conducted by the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and Keck School of Medicine at the University of […]

cancer-stem-cells
Novel approach brings hope in targeting cancer cells

Sydney: Researchers could provide a novel approach to targeting and destroying difficult-to-treat cancer cells, providing new therapeutic options for a broad range of cancers, finds a new study. Early detection of cancer is crucial for successful therapy. However, some cancer types do not have specific cancer surface markers that can be used to detect them […]

eye-disease
Using smartphone for eye check-up may lead to misdiagnosis, says study

London: Using smartphones to capture photographs of patients’ eyes for check-up may lead to misdiagnosis as camera colour sensors vary and as a result, images of the same eye may appear different depending on the model of smartphone used, warn researchers. The study, published in the journal Scientific Reports, suggests that calibration of phone cameras […]

TB-patients
Researchers identify molecule effective in killing tuberculosis bacteria

Pretoria: Researchers have found a molecule that is effective against tuberculosis, says a new study on mice. In the study, the group describes how it worked when tested in vitro and in a mouse model. Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). This airborne pathogen tends to infect the lungs and is […]

Anxiety-in-boys
Common drug form helps treat child anxiety, says study

New York: Researchers have found that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are very effective in treating children and adolescents with paediatric anxiety disorder. They reached the conclusion after examining common medications prescribed for children and adolescents with anxiety disorders. SSRIs are the most commonly prescribed anti-depressants, which can ease symptoms of moderate to severe depression […]

stress
High job stress can lead to weight gain in women, claims study

London: Are you gaining weight suddenly? Blame increased stress at workplace, say researchers who found that heavy pressure at work predisposes women to weight gain, irrespective of whether they have received an academic education. The findings, led by the University of Gothenburg in Sweden researchers, showed that long-term exposure to high job demands played a […]

Smoking
Researchers develop new smartphone app to help you quit smoking

New York: Researchers have developed a new smartphone-based app that can track if you smoke a lot and can help you quit. The app Gero Healthspan developed by scientists from Gero and Roswell Park Cancer Institute in New York offers a way to track the rejuvenating effect of smoking cessation in real time through the […]

Pregnancy
Sleeping for long hours during pregnancy linked to stillbirths, says study

New York: Sleeping more than nine hours per night during pregnancy may be associated with late stillbirth, suggests a new study. This is because blood pressure reaches its lowest point during sleep which has been linked with foetal growth problems, preterm birth, and stillbirth. The study, led by a team from the University of Michigan, […]

PARKINSON'S DISEASE
Researchers invent smart garments to prevent falls in Parkinson's patients

Sydney: A team of researchers are in the process of developing smart garment technologies that would prevent falls in people with Parkinson’s disease. Falls, which are frequently caused by gait impairments and postural instability, are common and often devastating in the lives of people with Parkinson’s – a neurodegenerative disease. The researchers from Neuroscience Research […]

pizza
Smelling high-calorie food for 2 minutes can help you eat less, says study

New York: Does a whiff of pizzas, burgers or sandwiches entice you, but you refrain from eating them due to the high-calories it contains? Take heart, smelling these for longer than two minutes will make you feel satiated, suggest researchers, including one of an Indian-origin. The study showed that ambient food scent can directly satisfy […]

fasting
Can fasting improve your overall health?

New York: Fasting may not be just a religious or political practice. It may actually protect you against age-related diseases and improve your overall health, researchers say. The study, led by a team from the University of California-Irvine (UCI), found that fasting affects circadian clocks in the liver and skeletal muscle, causing them to rewire […]

Weight loss diabetes control tips
This study reveals secret to maintaining weight loss

New York: Staying in shape is no mean job as people often find that they quickly regain the weight that they had shed after a rigorous regime of dieting or exercise. Eating a diet low on carbohydrates may, however, help them maintain weight loss, new research has found. This is because eating fewer carbohydrates increases […]

Dementia
What helps people live well with dementia

London: Psychological aspects such as optimism, self-esteem, loneliness and depression are closely linked to the ability to optimise quality of life and well-being in both people with dementia and caregivers, a new study suggests. According to the researchers, the study seeks to inform support services and guide policy on where resources should be spent to […]

skin-cancer
Researchers identify novel protein linked to skin cancer

Sydney: Researchers have identified a specific protein responsible for melanoma metastasis that may provide an improved understanding of how the cancer spreads. The study showed that silencing the expression of protein called RAB27A resulted in reduced metastasis — the process by which cancer spreads to other areas of the body — which is the primary […]

E-bandage can speed up wound healing, says study

New York: Researchers have developed a self-powered bandage that generates an electric field over an injury, dramatically reducing the healing time for skin wounds. Wounds covered by electric bandage, or e-bandage, closed within three days, compared with 12 days for a control bandage with no electric field, showed the findings published in the journal ACS […]

Walk
Evening walk may not cause sleep issues as previously thought, says study

London: Engaging in moderate physical activity including walking, cycling or jogging in the evening does not cause sleep problems, suggest researchers. The research challenges previous studies that suggested that sleep quality can be improved by avoiding exercise in the evening. The findings showed that doing exercise for four hours before going to bed does not […]

E-coli
Researchers develop new testing kit to detect E. coli in food quickly

Toronto: Researchers have developed a novel testing kit that can detect Escherichia coli (E.coli) — a deadly pathogen — much more quickly than existing methods. The kit detects E. coli 0157, commonly found in ground meat, and is considered more likely to cause severe illnesses than other forms of the bacteria. The test detects a […]

Therapist's hands massaging female foot
Researchers develop new shoe insole that can treat diabetic foot ulcers

New York: Researchers have developed a shoe insole that could help make the healing process more portable for people who develop ulcers as a result of diabetes. Diabetic ulcers commonly result from high blood sugar damaging nerves, which takes away feeling from the toes or feet. “One of the ways to heal these wounds is […]

alzheimer
Managing cholesterol might help reduce Alzheimer's risk, say researchers

New York: Researchers have claimed that managing cholesterol might help reduce Alzheimer’s risk including one of Indian-origin, who identified a genetic link between the progressive brain disorder and heart disease. Examining DNA from more than 1.5 million people, the study showed that risk factors for heart disease such as elevated triglyceride and cholesterol levels (HDL, […]

hot-tea
Researchers discover naturally low-caffeine tea plant in China

Beijing: Researchers have discovered a wild tea plant in China that contains little or no caffeine and, unlike many industrially decaffeinated products, could potentially provide many of the health benefits of regular brewed teas. Hongyacha (HYC) is found in the mountains of southern China. In the study, a team including Liang Chen from the Chinese […]

PARKINSON'S DISEASE
New therapy for Parkinson's disease shows promise

Sydney: Researchers have developed a new therapy using a molecule that has been found to stop the development of Parkinson’s disease in several animal models. The therapy is based on the MCC950 molecule and the researchers hope to carry out human clinical trials of drugs based on this molecule by 2020. The molecule works by […]

sunscreen-representational
Chemicals in sunscreen may cause birth defects, infertility

Hong Kong: Scientists have detected chemicals in sunscreen that can cause birth defects and infertility. In the study, the team from the Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU), found that the chemicals in sunscreen caused abnormalities in Zebrafish and killed their offspring. After human use, the organic or chemical ultra-violet (UV) filters in sunscreens are discharged […]

Late-night use of gadgets leaves kids sleep-deprived, says study

New York: Most parents believe that an excessive late night use of gadgets has significantly hampered the sleep patterns of their teenaged children, leading to poor academic performance, researchers warn. According to them, 56 per cent of parents fall in this category. In the study, published by C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital National Poll on Children’s […]

probiotic
Can probiotics help reduce antibiotic prescriptions in children?

New York: Feeding probiotics to infants and children daily may significantly stave off the need for antibiotic treatment, a finding that may help address the global rise in drug-resistant infections, said researchers. The study found that infants and children were 29 per cent less likely to have been prescribed antibiotics if they received probiotics as […]

Cosmic-rays
AI helps track down mysterious cosmic radio bursts

New York: Researchers have used machine learning to discover 72 new fast radio bursts from a mysterious source some 3 billion light years from Earth. Fast radio bursts are bright pulses of radio emission mere milliseconds in duration, thought to originate from distant galaxies. “This work is exciting not just because it helps us understand […]

dizziness
Researchers develop novel device to improve diagnosis of dizziness

London: Researchers have developed a new vibrating device using bone conduction technology, that can identify the causes of dizziness. Half of older adults over 65 years suffer from dizziness and problems with balance. However, the current tests to identify the causes of such problems are painful and can risk hearing damage. The novel type of […]

Cancer
AI technique used to treat metastatic cancer patient: Study

Singapore: Singaporean researchers have harnessed the power of artificial intelligence (AI) to successfully treat a patient with advanced cancer, completely halting disease progression. The novel CURATE.AI platform, developed by the National University of Singapore (NUS), halted the progression of advanced cancer by continuously optimising novel drug combination. In a clinical study, a patient suffering with […]

c4
Researchers develop new method to grow blood vessels

New York: Researchers, including one of Indian-origin, have developed a clay-based platform to deliver therapeutic proteins to the body to assist with the formation of blood vessels. The formation of new blood vessels — a process also known as angiogenesis — is one of the major clinical challenges in wound healing and tissue implants. The […]

smartphone
New app can extend your smartphone's battery life

Toronto: Amid growing demand for good battery life, researchers, including an Indian-origin, have developed an app that reduces the energy consumption of smartphone devices without impacting performance. The finding published in the journal IEEE Access, suggests that the novel method can extend the battery life of smartphones for up to an hour each day. “The […]

1296x728_Where_Theres_Smoke_IMAGE_1
Long-term vaping may damage lung immune cells, warn researchers

London: With vaping becoming a style statement globally including in India, a small yet significant study has found that vaporisers may potentially disable key immune cells in the lung and boosts inflammation if used for long. The e-cigarette vapour boosts the production of inflammatory chemicals and disables key protective cells in the lung that keep […]

raddish_830x450
Eating radish may prevent heart disease, stroke: Study

Tokyo: Eating carrots, onions and broccoli are passe, the humble radish could be the newest heart-healthy vegetable, say researchers. The findings showed that compounds found in the Sakurajima Daikon, or “monster,” radish could help protect coronary blood vessels and potentially prevent heart disease and stroke, researchers including Katsuko Kajiya from the Kagoshima University in Japan […]

robot976
Humans can be emotionally manipulated by robots: Study

London: Researchers from the University of Duisburg-Essen in Germany have found that humans are susceptible to emotional manipulation by robots. The findings indicated that humans have such a strong tendency to anthropomorphize — attribution of human traits, emotions, or intentions to non-human entities like robots — that we can fall prey to emotional manipulation by […]

Depression
Religion, spirituality may help young adults cope with depression

New York: Religion and spirituality can play a key role in the life of young adults with severe mental illness such as bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and serious depression, which social workers and counsellors are traditionally not equipped to discuss, say researchers. The study showed that young adults with severe mental illness were able to cope […]

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