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Tag: Researchers

chicken20180724183103_l
Poultry as bad as red meats for cholesterol, says study

New York: Turning a conventional wisdom on its head, researchers have found that consuming red meat and white meat, like poultry, have equal effects on blood cholesterol levels. The study indicated that restricting consumption of meat altogether, whether red or white, is more advisable for lowering blood cholesterol levels than previously thought. The research, published […]

Huntingtons-disease
This smartphone app can spot rare Huntington's disease

London: A team of researchers has created a smartphone application which helps recognise early symptoms of a rare Huntington’s disease. Designed in cooperation with physicians and Huntington Disease Association, the app on Google Play provides user with a series of tests in order to check the presence of the symptoms. If the probability of symptoms […]

winter-chill
Low humidity raises flu risks during winter season

New York: Low humidity is a key reason behind people falling sick and even dying from flu during the winter months, says a study. Decreased humidity lowers the immune system’s defences against flu infection, says a study published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). It offers an insight into why […]

junk-food
Body can adapt to occasional short-term overeating, says study

New York: Overeating has been found to impair blood sugar (glucose) control and insulin levels but a new study suggests that the duration of a bout of overeating can affect how the body adapts to glucose and insulin processing when calorie intake increases. Obesity and type 2 diabetes have increased significantly worldwide within the past […]

food
Eating high-fat food in stress will add extra kilos

Sydney: Eating too much high-calorie food is anyway bad for health but under stress, sugary and high-fat diet can lead to more weight gain than in normal situations, says a study. During an experiment on mice, the team discovered that a high-calorie diet when combined with stress resulted in more weight gain than the same […]

SPERM-CELLS
Endogamy may up infertility risk in Indian men, says study

Hyderabad: A team of researchers have identified that deletions of the Y chromosomes, responsible for production of sperms, can cause infertility in Indian men. The study, published in the journal Scientific Reports, illustrates how the ethnicity, endogamy and long-time geographical isolation of Indian populations might have played a major role in the high frequencies of […]

drugs-concoction-655x353-1
Novel body awareness training may help combat drug addiction

New York: Mindful body awareness training may help women recover from drug addiction, say researchers as they find improvements in the study participants. The findings suggests that the training helps people better understand the physical and emotional signals in their body and how they can respond to these to help them better regulate and engage […]

cancer-1-770x433
New Artificial Intelligence system may help detect prostate cancer

New York: Researchers have developed a new artificial intelligence (AI) system to help radiologists improve their ability to diagnose prostate cancer. The system, called FocalNet, helps identify and predict the aggressiveness of the disease by evaluating magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, and does so with nearly the same level of accuracy as experienced radiologists. FocalNet […]

BOOKS
Taking short breaks may help learn new skills better, say researchers

New York: If you are in a process of learning new skills, then taking short breaks in between may help you grasp it better, say researchers. The study, published in the journal Current Biology, suggests our brains probably take short rest periods to strengthen memories. “Everyone thinks you need to ‘practice, practice and practice’ when […]

teeth-vaping
Whitening products may cause tooth decay, claim researchers

New York: While using teeth-whitening products can make your smile brighter, they might also lead to tooth damage, researchers have warned. The study, led by researchers from the Stockton University in the US, found that hydrogen peroxide — the active ingredient in whitening strips — can damage the protein-rich dentin tissue found beneath the tooth’s […]

pizza
Foods labelled 'gluten-free' not trustworthy, says study

New York: Suffering from coeliac disease and want to avoid gluten? Then restaurants should be the last place you should visit as most foods labelled ‘gluten-free’ have gluten, suggest researchers. The study, published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology, showed more than half of the gluten-free pizza and pasta dishes in restaurants had gluten and […]

immune-cells-brain
Artificial Intelligence can help treat brain tumours, finds a study

London: Researchers have developed an artificial intelligence-based (AI) method for analysis of brain tumours, paving the way for individualised treatment of tumours. According to the study, published in the The Lancet Oncology, AI machine learning methods, carefully trained on standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), are more reliable and precise than established radiological methods in the […]

FARD Dept
Researchers identify new antibiotics in fish mucus

New York: With current antibiotics dwindling in effectiveness against multidrug-resistant pathogens, researchers have identified an untapped antibiotic candidate in the protective mucus that coats young fish. The mucus contains bacteria with promising antibiotic activity against known pathogens-even dangerous organisms, such as the microbe that causes MRSA infections. This viscous substance protects fish from bacteria, fungi, […]

MEnurine2
Many urinal trips in night hints at high BP, says study

Tokyo: If you need to visit urinal frequently in the night, get your blood pressure checked as researchers say it may be a sign of hypertension. “Our study indicates if you need to urinate in the night — called nocturia — you may have elevated blood pressure and/or excess fluid in your body. If you […]

tobacco-bidi-farmer-759
Scientist probing if tobacco's native forms less harmful

Chennai: Can indigenous ways of smoking counteract the harm being done by mass-produced cigarettes? Researching the roots of native Fijian tobacco plant ‘suki’ said to originated in Tamil Nadu and smoked in a “roll-up”, a renowned scientist from New Zealand is finding about the similar Indian cheroot. On her visit to India, scientist Marewa Glover […]

artifical-intelligence
Artificial Intelligence can help predict premature deaths: Study

London: Researchers have developed an Artificial Intelligence (AI)-based system to predict the risk of early deaths due to chronic disease in middle-aged adults. The study, published by PLOS ONE journal, found that the new AI Machine Learning models known as “random forest” and “deep learning” were very accurate in its predictions and performed better than […]

Hearing Aid
Hearing loss before 50 may increase drug abuse risk

New York: People below 50 years who suffer from hearing loss are more likely to misuse opioids, alcohol and other drugs than their peers who have no such disorder, say researchers. The findings showed adults under 35 years with a hearing loss were 2.5 times more likely to have a prescription opioid use disorder. In […]

brain
MIT researchers develop MRI sensor to peek deep inside brain

New York: Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have devised a new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique to image calcium activity deep in the brain. Calcium is a critical signalling molecule for most cells, and it is especially important in neurons. Using the non-invasive technique, the researchers can track signalling processes inside the […]

toothpaste
Common toothpaste ingredient making antibiotics less effective, says study

New York: A common ingredient found in toothpastes and handwashes could make antibiotics less effective in treating conditions like urinary tract infections (UTIs), which, if left untreated, can become life-threatening, say researchers. Triclosan is the active ingredient responsible for the “antibacterial” property which is added to toothpaste, mouthwash, cosmetics. It is even added to clothing, […]

highlighted intestines
Cutting out on these foods can alleviate gastrointestinal issues

London: Cutting out specific foods can alleviate gastrointestinal issues for physically active people, especially a runner, researchers say. The study, conducted by researchers from the Anglia Ruskin University in Britain, showed that a low fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide, monosaccharide and polyol (or FODMAP) diet reduces some of the issues caused by exercise such as stomach cramps […]

hearing-problems
Hearing loss may up cognitive decline with age, says study

New York: Hearing impairment is associated with accelerated cognitive decline with age, though the impact of mild hearing loss may be lessened by higher education, researchers say. The findings suggest that those with more serious hearing impairment had worse performance at the initial visit on a pair of commonly used cognitive assessment tests. However, the […]

alcohol2
Researchers identify gene for treatment of alcoholism

New York: Researchers have identified a gene that could provide a new target for developing medication to prevent and treat alcoholism, according to a new study on mice. Researchers at Oregon National Primate Research Center (ONPRC) in the US discovered a gene that had lower expression in the brains of non-human primates which voluntarily consumed […]

Cancer-image3
Researchers develop new prostate cancer prediction tool, says study

New York: Researchers, including one of an Indian-origin, have developed a novel machine-learning framework that can distinguish between low and high-risk prostate cancer with more precision than ever before, according to a new study. The study conducted by the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and Keck School of Medicine at the University of […]

cancer-stem-cells
Novel approach brings hope in targeting cancer cells

Sydney: Researchers could provide a novel approach to targeting and destroying difficult-to-treat cancer cells, providing new therapeutic options for a broad range of cancers, finds a new study. Early detection of cancer is crucial for successful therapy. However, some cancer types do not have specific cancer surface markers that can be used to detect them […]

eye-disease
Using smartphone for eye check-up may lead to misdiagnosis, says study

London: Using smartphones to capture photographs of patients’ eyes for check-up may lead to misdiagnosis as camera colour sensors vary and as a result, images of the same eye may appear different depending on the model of smartphone used, warn researchers. The study, published in the journal Scientific Reports, suggests that calibration of phone cameras […]

TB-patients
Researchers identify molecule effective in killing tuberculosis bacteria

Pretoria: Researchers have found a molecule that is effective against tuberculosis, says a new study on mice. In the study, the group describes how it worked when tested in vitro and in a mouse model. Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). This airborne pathogen tends to infect the lungs and is […]

Anxiety-in-boys
Common drug form helps treat child anxiety, says study

New York: Researchers have found that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are very effective in treating children and adolescents with paediatric anxiety disorder. They reached the conclusion after examining common medications prescribed for children and adolescents with anxiety disorders. SSRIs are the most commonly prescribed anti-depressants, which can ease symptoms of moderate to severe depression […]

stress
High job stress can lead to weight gain in women, claims study

London: Are you gaining weight suddenly? Blame increased stress at workplace, say researchers who found that heavy pressure at work predisposes women to weight gain, irrespective of whether they have received an academic education. The findings, led by the University of Gothenburg in Sweden researchers, showed that long-term exposure to high job demands played a […]

Smoking
Researchers develop new smartphone app to help you quit smoking

New York: Researchers have developed a new smartphone-based app that can track if you smoke a lot and can help you quit. The app Gero Healthspan developed by scientists from Gero and Roswell Park Cancer Institute in New York offers a way to track the rejuvenating effect of smoking cessation in real time through the […]

Pregnancy
Sleeping for long hours during pregnancy linked to stillbirths, says study

New York: Sleeping more than nine hours per night during pregnancy may be associated with late stillbirth, suggests a new study. This is because blood pressure reaches its lowest point during sleep which has been linked with foetal growth problems, preterm birth, and stillbirth. The study, led by a team from the University of Michigan, […]

PARKINSON'S DISEASE
Researchers invent smart garments to prevent falls in Parkinson's patients

Sydney: A team of researchers are in the process of developing smart garment technologies that would prevent falls in people with Parkinson’s disease. Falls, which are frequently caused by gait impairments and postural instability, are common and often devastating in the lives of people with Parkinson’s – a neurodegenerative disease. The researchers from Neuroscience Research […]

pizza
Smelling high-calorie food for 2 minutes can help you eat less, says study

New York: Does a whiff of pizzas, burgers or sandwiches entice you, but you refrain from eating them due to the high-calories it contains? Take heart, smelling these for longer than two minutes will make you feel satiated, suggest researchers, including one of an Indian-origin. The study showed that ambient food scent can directly satisfy […]

fasting
Can fasting improve your overall health?

New York: Fasting may not be just a religious or political practice. It may actually protect you against age-related diseases and improve your overall health, researchers say. The study, led by a team from the University of California-Irvine (UCI), found that fasting affects circadian clocks in the liver and skeletal muscle, causing them to rewire […]

Weight loss diabetes control tips
This study reveals secret to maintaining weight loss

New York: Staying in shape is no mean job as people often find that they quickly regain the weight that they had shed after a rigorous regime of dieting or exercise. Eating a diet low on carbohydrates may, however, help them maintain weight loss, new research has found. This is because eating fewer carbohydrates increases […]

Dementia
What helps people live well with dementia

London: Psychological aspects such as optimism, self-esteem, loneliness and depression are closely linked to the ability to optimise quality of life and well-being in both people with dementia and caregivers, a new study suggests. According to the researchers, the study seeks to inform support services and guide policy on where resources should be spent to […]

skin-cancer
Researchers identify novel protein linked to skin cancer

Sydney: Researchers have identified a specific protein responsible for melanoma metastasis that may provide an improved understanding of how the cancer spreads. The study showed that silencing the expression of protein called RAB27A resulted in reduced metastasis — the process by which cancer spreads to other areas of the body — which is the primary […]

E-bandage can speed up wound healing, says study

New York: Researchers have developed a self-powered bandage that generates an electric field over an injury, dramatically reducing the healing time for skin wounds. Wounds covered by electric bandage, or e-bandage, closed within three days, compared with 12 days for a control bandage with no electric field, showed the findings published in the journal ACS […]

Walk
Evening walk may not cause sleep issues as previously thought, says study

London: Engaging in moderate physical activity including walking, cycling or jogging in the evening does not cause sleep problems, suggest researchers. The research challenges previous studies that suggested that sleep quality can be improved by avoiding exercise in the evening. The findings showed that doing exercise for four hours before going to bed does not […]

E-coli
Researchers develop new testing kit to detect E. coli in food quickly

Toronto: Researchers have developed a novel testing kit that can detect Escherichia coli (E.coli) — a deadly pathogen — much more quickly than existing methods. The kit detects E. coli 0157, commonly found in ground meat, and is considered more likely to cause severe illnesses than other forms of the bacteria. The test detects a […]

Therapist's hands massaging female foot
Researchers develop new shoe insole that can treat diabetic foot ulcers

New York: Researchers have developed a shoe insole that could help make the healing process more portable for people who develop ulcers as a result of diabetes. Diabetic ulcers commonly result from high blood sugar damaging nerves, which takes away feeling from the toes or feet. “One of the ways to heal these wounds is […]

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