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Tag: Dementia

Managing Pulse Pressure Can Prevent Dementia

Sydney: In a promising find to prevent dementia, scientists now report that reducing elevated pulse pressure in the blood can herald a new therapeutic target for preventing or slowing cognitive impairment. Pulse pressure is the difference between systolic and diastolic blood pressure and commonly increases with age due to the stiffening of arteries and blood […]

Repetitive Negative Thinking Linked To Dementia In Later Life

London: Researchers have found that repetitive negative thinking in later life may raise the risk of Alzheimer’s disease. The findings, published in the journal Alzheimer’s & Dementia, revealed that persistently engaging in negative thinking patterns was linked to cognitive decline and greater deposits of two harmful proteins responsible for Alzheimer’s disease. “Here, we found that […]

New tool helps predict risk of death in people with dementia
New tool helps predict risk of death in people with dementia

Toronto: A new tool that predicts risk of death and admission to a long-term care facility for patients with dementia may help conversations between health care providers, patients and their families, according to researchers. Dementia is a syndrome in which there is deterioration in memory, thinking, behaviour and the ability to perform everyday activities. Also […]

Taller Men May Have Lower Dementia Risk In Old Age

London: Men who are taller in young adulthood may have a lower risk of dementia in old age, according to new research. Previous studies have suggested that height may be a risk factor for dementia, but much of this research was not able to take into account genetic, environmental, or other early-life factors that may […]

Living Near Highways Linked To Higher Dementia Risk

Toronto: Researchers have revealed that living near major roads or highways is linked to higher incidence of dementia, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and multiple sclerosis (MS). For the findings, published in the journal Environmental Health, researchers from the University of British Columbia analysed data for 678,000 adults in Metro Vancouver. They found that living less […]

Obesity Linked To Higher Dementia Risk

London: Overweight people, please take note. Researchers have found that obesity in midlife is linked to a greater risk of dementia later in life; however, poor diet and lack of exercise are not. “Some previous studies have suggested a poor diet or a lack of exercise may increase a person’s risk of dementia, however, our study […]

Yoga As Good As Aerobic Exercise For Super Brain Health

New York: If you do not like or cannot perform aerobic exercise for some reason, try yoga to improve brain health as scientists led by Indian-origin Neha Gothe have found evidence that yoga enhances many of the same brain structures and functions that benefit from aerobic exercise. The findings are based on a review focused […]

Walking patterns could identify dementia types: Study

London: Researchers have found that walking may be a key clinical tool in helping doctors accurately identify the specific type of dementia a patient has. Published in the Alzheimer’s & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer’s Association, the research have shown that people with Alzheimer’s disease or Lewy body dementia have unique walking patterns that […]

Drug For Alzheimer's Disease Increases Hospitalisation Risk

Toronto: Researchers have found that a drug, donepezil commonly used to manage symptoms of Alzheimer disease and other forms of dementia, is associated with a two-fold higher risk of hospitalisation. According to the study published in the journal Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ), using donepezil increases the risk of hospital admission for rhabdomyolysis, a painful […]

Advanced MRI Scan Helps Predict Stroke-related Dementia

London: An advanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) brain scan analysis in patients with stroke-related, small vessel disease helped predict problems with thinking, memory and even dementia, says a new study. When a stroke or other disease damages tiny blood vessels in the brain, the condition is known as small vessel disease. This condition is the […]

Married people less likely to experience dementia

New York: A new study has found that married people are less likely to experience dementia as they age. On the other hand, divorcees are about twice as likely as married people to develop dementia, the study indicated, with divorced men showing a greater disadvantage than divorced women. “This research is important because the number […]

Being socially active linked to lower dementia risk

London: Being more socially active in 50s and 60s is associated with a lower risk of developing dementia later on, a new research has found. “People who are socially engaged are exercising cognitive skills such as memory and language, which may help them to develop cognitive reserve – while it may not stop their brains […]

Spicy diet linked with dementia

New Delhi: Think twice before adding that extra kick of chili sauce or chopped jalapeno to your meal as researchers have found that a spicy diet could be linked to dementia. According to the research involving 4,582 Chinese adults aged over 55, evidence of faster cognitive decline was found in those who consistently ate more […]

AI could be a boon for Alzheimer's patients

New York: Artificial Intelligence (AI) can prove to be essential for healthcare providers to detect and manage Alzheimer’s disease or a related form of dementia, from which 44 million people suffer worldwide. In the study published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, the team introduced supervised Machine Learning (ML) as a modern approach and new […]

Virtual reality can help people with dementia

London: Virtual reality (VR) technology can enhance the quality of life for people with dementia by helping them to recall past memories, reduce aggression and improve interactions with caregivers, says a study. The technology helped patients recall old memories by providing new stimuli difficult to achieve, due to ill health, or inaccessible within a secure […]

Blood test to spot Alzheimer's before symptoms occur

London: Researchers have developed a new test that could help doctors detect Alzheimer’s disease eight years before the first symptoms occur. Using current techniques, Alzheimer’s disease, the most frequent cause of dementia, can only be detected once the typical plaques have formed in the brain. At this point, therapy seems no longer possible. However, the […]

Drugs show promise in stroke, dementia prevention

London: Two drugs, in use for treating heart disease and angina, have shown promise in an early trial in preventing stroke and dementia caused by damage to small blood vessels in the brain. The drugs — cilostazol and isosorbide mononitrate — were tested in a group of patients in Britain. The results published in the […]

Smoking not linked to higher dementia risk, says study

New York: It is no secret that smoking increases the risk for cancer, heart disease, diabetes and even blindness. But puffing on a cigarette is not associated with a higher risk of dementia, says a new study. The present study, published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, stands in contrast to the previous research that […]

New technique to measure blood clot developed

London: Scientists have developed a new technique that allows them to measure blood clotting as well as the formation of free radicals, that leads to the build-up of blood clots, which in turn cause heart disease, stroke and dementia. The technique, led by the University of Exeter researchers, investigates a part of the blood clotting […]

Being absentminded can predict your risk of silent stroke, claims study

Toronto: Do you frequently lose train of thought or often become sidetracked? It may in fact be a sign of a condition known as “silent stroke” — a major cause of dementia and stroke — warns a study. The condition known as cerebral small vessel disease is one of the most common neurological disorders of […]

Extreme distress increases risk for dementia: Study

London: Men and women who are distressed in midlife could be at higher risk of developing dementia in their old age, suggests a new study. The study showed that vital exhaustion, which can be perceived as an indicator of psychological distress, is a risk factor for future risk of dementia. Psychological distress is potentially linked […]

What helps people live well with dementia

London: Psychological aspects such as optimism, self-esteem, loneliness and depression are closely linked to the ability to optimise quality of life and well-being in both people with dementia and caregivers, a new study suggests. According to the researchers, the study seeks to inform support services and guide policy on where resources should be spent to […]

Dementia symptoms peak in winter and spring: Study

Toronto: Adults both with and without Alzheimer’s disease have poorer cognition skills in winter and spring than late summer and early autumn, according to a new study. The findings showed that average cognitive functioning was higher in the summer and fall than the winter and spring, equivalent in cognitive effect to 4.8 years difference in […]

Stroke patients at 70% higher risk of dementia: Study

London: People who have suffered a stroke are 70 per cent more likely to develop dementia, a new study has revealed. Around a third of dementia cases are thought to be potentially preventable. However, this estimate does not take into account the risk associated with stroke. Stroke characteristics such as the location and extent of […]

Feeling faint while standing up linked with dementia risk: Study

New York: Any sudden drop in blood pressure in middle-aged people, which makes them feel faint, dizzy or light-headed while standing up, could be a sign of increased risk of dementia or stroke later, say researchers. The findings suggested that people who experienced the blood pressure drop — known as orthostatic hypotension — had a […]

Know how middle-age hypertension raises dementia risk later

London: A high blood pressure level but still below the usual threshold for treating hypertension can put 50-year-olds at increased risk of developing dementia later, revealed a study led by an Indian-origin researcher. According to the American Heart Association, normal blood pressure is below 120/80 mmHg. People with a systolic blood pressure (the top number) of […]

Yellow spots in eye could be new biomarker for dementia: Study

London: Do you have tiny yellow spots in the eye? Watch out, it could be an early indicator of dementia, a new study suggests. According to the researchers, the spots known as “hard drusen” are made of fat and calcium deposit that form in a layer underneath the retina and can be seen in scans. […]

AI-based software may help predict risk of dementia

London: Researchers have developed a new artificial intelligence-based software which may identify and measure the severity of common causes of strokes and dementia. Small vessel disease (SVD) is a very common neurological disease among older people that reduces blood flow to the deep white matter connections of the brain, damaging and eventually killing the brain […]

Irregular heart rate, carotid disease may up dementia risk

New York: Patients suffering from abnormal heart beat, also known as atrial fibrillation, and diagnosed with carotid artery disease could be at an increased risk of developing dementia, according to a research. Blockages in the carotid artery, which gradually build up as people age, restrict blood flow to the brain. The study showed that the […]

Smoking raises lifetime risk of irregular heart rate

New York: Smoking and alcohol consumption increase lifetime risk of a rapid and irregular heart rate, called atrial fibrillation, which can lead to a stroke, dementia, heart failure and other complications, a new study says. The results, published in the journal The BMJ, showed that that among individuals aged 55 years or older, the overall […]

Physically-fit women less likely to develop dementia: Study

London: Women with high physical fitness in middle age were nearly 90 per cent less likely to develop dementia, compared to women who were moderately fit, according to a study. When the highly fit women did develop dementia, they developed the disease an average of 11 years later than those women who were moderately fit, […]

Decoded: What causes dementia

London: The toxic build-up of urea, a compound created by the liver, in the brain has been found as the major reason that can cause brain damage and lead to Huntington’s Disease, one of seven major types of age-related dementia, finds a study. The study found that urea level peaks in the brain even before […]

Link found between gut bacteria and stroke

London: Imbalances in the good and bad bacteria in the gut of the elderly causes inflammatory responses that are linked to age-related conditions such as stroke, dementia and cardiovascular disease, a research has showed. The findings showed that chronic inflammation causes imbalances, or “dysbiosis” of gut bacteria that results in “bad” bacteria being more dominant […]

memory loss
Baby boomers' brains could reveal secrets of dementia

London: The brains of baby boomers – those born between the years 1946 and 1964 – could hold the key to unlocking the secrets of dementia, scientists believe. Researchers have begun scanning the brains of 500 members of Britain’s longest running birth cohort study, as part of efforts to find a cure for Alzheimer’s disease, […]