Private schools are money spinning enterprises: SC
A three-judge bench of Chief Justice SH Kapadia, KS Radhakrishnan and Swatanter Kumar observed that that there was nothing wrong in the Government`s attempt to provide 25 percent of the EWS population quality education in private schools.
The apex court however, said it was willing to strike down the legislation if the private schools are able to establish that Constitutional principles have been violated by enactment of the Right to Education Act under which free and compulsory education had been made mandatory for all children in the age group of 6-14 years.
"What is wrong in 25 percent having better education in private schools. Today you are making an investment for the country. Children are the future of the country. Can the court intervene and say it is unreasonable," the bench asked.
The bench made the observation during the hearing of the bunch of appeals filed by private educational institutions challenging the 25 percent reservation for EWS.
The apex court brushed aside the argument of senior counsel and former Additional Solicitor General Vikas Singh that the legislation impinged upon the fundamental rights of the unaided institutions to manage their affairs without governmental control imposed a huge cost burden.
Singh appearing for various private schools argued that providing 25 per EWS deprived the children from themiddle class and rich their seats in the private educational institutions.
In such a scenario he said the displaced children from the middle and rich class have to take seats in Government schools, creating an anomalous situation.
"You may be right but can we go into that arena. It is a legislative policy. You may be absolutely right on the ground realities. But you have to show the Constitutional principles violated.
"If a citizen`s right is violated then they can come to us," the Chief Justice said.
The counsel submitted that the situation would lead to various peculiarities as the Government would end up subsidising the education of the rich and middle class children in government schools.
He cited the instance of the US where the schools are all run by the Government but provide quality education.
But the argument failed to convince the court which said if comparison has to be drawn then it should be done on tax compliance and other matters also.
"Only five percent of the population pays tax in the country. There are only five percent tax payers, out of these three percent are the salaried class.
"We cite the instances of US, Canada and other countries. Then let us talk about the tax GDP in those countries with that of our country," the bench remarked.
The senior counsel gave an illustration that in a state have one lakh seats, if 25 percent seats are reserved for the EWS that wold displace 25,000 students from other sections of the society who may be forced to seek admission in government schools.
The apex court also asked the Additional Solicitor General Indira Jainsing to furnish data if any on the number of students who may stand benefited under the EWS quota.