Mandatory death penalty is unconstitutional: SC
A bench of Justices Asok Kumar Ganguly (since retd) and J S Khehar said Section 27(3) of the Arms Act, which imposed mandatory death penalty, was also "ultra vires and void" as it restricts the powers of the court in awarding sentences to an accused in such cases.
"A law which is not consistent with notions of fairness while it imposes an irreversible penalty like death penalty is repugnant to the concept of right and reason," the bench said.
"All these concepts of `due process` and the concept of a just, fair and reasonable law has been read by this court into the guarantee under Articles 14 and 21 of the Constitution. Therefore, the provision of Section 27(3) of the Act is violative of Article 14 (equality before law) and 21 (liberty) of the Constitution," Justice Ganguly, writing the judgement, said.
The apex court passed the appeal while dismissing a Punjab government appeal challenging the acquittal of Dalbir Singh, a CRPF constable charged with indiscriminately firing at his superiors with a rifle over a service row in 1993. He was charged with murder (Section 302IPC) and various offences under the Arms Act.
Section 27(3) mandates that "whoever uses any prohibited arms or prohibited ammunition or acts in contravention of Section 7 and if such use or act results in the death of any other person then that person guilty of such use or acting in contravention of Section 7 shall be punishable with death."
The apex court while upholding the acquittal of Singh said even if any act done in contravention of Section 7, namely, acquisition or possession, or manufacture or sale, of prohibited arms results in death of any person, the person in contravention of Section 7 shall be punished with death.
"This is thus a very drastic provision for many reasons. Apart from the fact that this imposes a mandatory death penalty the section is so widely worded to the extent that if as a result of any accidental or unintentional use or any accident arising out of any act in contravention of Section 7, death results, the only punishment, which has to be mandatorily imposed on the person in contravention is, death," the bench said.
The apex court said the proviso was violative of Article 13(2) which says, "The State shall not make any law which takes away or abridges the rights conferred by this part and any law made in contravention of this clause shall, to the extent of the contravention, be void."
"This Court declares that Section 27(3) of Arms Act, 1959 is ultra vires of the Constitution and is declared void. Section 27(3) of the Act also deprives the judiciary from discharging its Constitutional duties of judicial review whereby it has the power of using discretion in the sentencing procedure," the bench said.