Congress forced to fire fight during 2011
Congress chief Sonia Gandhi`s health – she was out of the country for almost two months for treatment of an unstated ailment – was a cause of concern but by the year-end she showed signs of fighting back politically.
A four-member committee of senior leaders, including Rahul Gandhi, was put in charge of the affairs of the party in the Congress President`s absence. By the end of the year, Rahul Gandhi was in-charge of the Congress election campaign in Uttar Pradesh where the party hopes to put on a good show and turn the tide in the new year after a year of bad tidings.
Rahul ensured an alliance with Ajit Singh`s RLD which became the latest entrant in the UPA. The talk in Congress circles is of a possible post-poll tie-up with Mulayam Singh Yadav`s Samajwadi Party in Uttar Pradesh if they can form a government.
Troubles began for the party with the end of Commonwealth Games, which sent Congress MP Suresh Kalmadi to jail, and the Adarsh housing scam in Mumbai in 2010 which claimed the Chief Ministership of Ashok Chavan.
Then the infamous 2G scam that blotted the image of UPA government and the questions being raised over the actions of the then Finance Minister P Chidambaram continue to worry the party.
Except for the victory in the Assam Assembly polls for the third time in a row and riding piggyback on Mamata Banerjee-led Trinamool Congress to power in West Bengal, things did not go well for the Congress during the year that is coming to an end.
Anna Hazare`s anti-corruption movement, for all its disclaimers, provided a rallying point for anti-Congress parties to get together as elections in five states, including Uttar Pradesh, are around the corner early next year.
DMK chief M Karunanidhi, who was ruling Tamil Nadu in alliance with Congress lost power miserably and in neighbouring Puducherry, a breakaway Congress leader humbled the party. The saving grace was Kerala where the Congress-led UDF won by a whisker.
While former Telecom Minister A Raja lost his job last year, another DMK Minister Dayanidhi Maran had to quit on account of 2G scam.
Bogged by political problems, the Congress and the government headed by it had to eat the humble pie when it had to reverse the decision on FDI in multi-brand retail buffeted as they were by strong protests from opposition and allies, including the mercurial Mamata Banerjee.
The UPA government also had to shelve its plan to push the Pension and Companies Bills.
The government was forced to bring a Lokpal Bill under threat of agitation by Anna Hazare`s movement. Government also brought in Sonia Gandhi`s favourite measure Food Security bill, projected as the biggest experiment in the world of providing food security to the poor.
Congress MP Mani Shankar Aiyer, known for his outspokenness, downplayed the problems faced by the party in the year gone by dubbing it as a "mid-life crisis".