Health & Lifestyle – Odisha Television Ltd. https://odishatv.in OdishaTV - OTV Mon, 07 Sep 2020 11:57:10 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/otv_small_logo.png Health & Lifestyle – Odisha Television Ltd. https://odishatv.in 32 32 5 Tips on How to Relieve Stress and Anxiety https://odishatv.in/health/5-tips-on-how-to-relieve-stress-and-anxiety-470027 Mon, 17 Aug 2020 11:29:41 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=470027

Stress and anxiety are part of our daily lives. Most times, we get so used to it that we do not realize the symptoms until we experience chronic stress. When stress becomes chronic, it implies that stress levels stay heightened longer than necessary, and stress hormones won’t stop firing. While stress in itself is like […]

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Stress and anxiety are part of our daily lives. Most times, we get so used to it that we do not realize the symptoms until we experience chronic stress. When stress becomes chronic, it implies that stress levels stay heightened longer than necessary, and stress hormones won’t stop firing.

While stress in itself is like a fire drill that prepares your body for emergency response, it is terrible in excess.

Some symptoms of chronic stress manifest as:

  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Depression
  • Irritability
  • Headaches

No one needs to suffer prolonged stress or anxiety because it has a domino effect that causes more chaos. So, we will talk about five tips for relieving stress and anxiety.

1. Yoga and Exercise

When you think about stress relief, yoga seems more conceivable than exercising. Mental stress can be relieved by physical stress on our bodies. People who work out regularly are less prone to anxiety than those who do not.

The reason is that:

  • Exercise stimulates the release of endorphins—endorphins boost your mood. It also reduces the level of cortisol—the stress hormone—in your body.
  • Exercising improves your sleep quality.
  • It boosts confidence and promotes self-love.

Yoga is a complete, stress relief plan. Some of its effects come from hormone control and blood pressure regulation, but others are because of the nature of yoga.

    • Yoga focuses on even breathing which helps reduce panic
    • It is excellent for the mind-body connection, which is a form of awareness that reduces stress and anxiety.

2. Psychedelics, Aromatherapy, and Supplements

Many supplements reduce stress and anxiety. Some of the most common ones are omega-3 fatty acids, green tea, lemon balm, kava kava, and Valerian.

Aromatherapy happens when you use scents and essential oils to feel better. Lighting scented candles or using air diffusers will release a pleasurable calming effect into the air. Some calming scents are sandalwood, rose, frankincense, lavender, bergamot, orange blossom, roman chamomile, geranium, and more.

Medics use psychedelics to treat some psychiatry patients. While you may not feel like you are there yet, studies show that cannabis users experience some medical benefits. The top three reasons users bought cannabis were:

    • Help with relaxation and confidence
    • To help them sleep
    • To relieve feeling anxious

These reasons are all correlated with stress. You can visit Weekend Gardener for more information on the results.

3. Find your Happy Place and Go there

We all have our happy place, which is always the safest place to be under stress. For you, it may be a shopping spree or a vacation. It may be going to sleep it off for another person, while for others it may be when they are with family or friends.

Kissing someone, cuddling, hugging, or having sex helps relieve stress by producing oxytocin and lowering cortisol levels. Having physical contact lowers heart rate and blood pressure to release tension.

You have heard a bunch of times that “laughter is the soul’s medicine.” This quote is very accurate because it is not easy to remain anxious when you genuinely laugh. Also, long term effects of laughter include boosting the immune system.

A pet can boost your mood by giving you a sense of responsibility and purpose. Interaction with your pet may stimulate the release of oxytocin to promote a positive spirit.

4. Indulge in Arts

Quality arts are very soothing. You can listen to good music, sounds of nature, instrumentals, or classical music—if you are a fan, anything that puts you in a good mood.

Another art you can involve in is writing. It does not need to be spectacular or dramatic; you can simply write how you feel, what you are grateful for, or the cause of your anxiety.

One other art that will help is visual arts. If you have the money and time, visit a gallery, watch an exhibition, or look at abstract paintings. If you don’t have enough cash, go to a museum or go to the beach or a nature trail or look up at the clouds.

5. Enjoy a Good Meal

For starters, it is best to avoid caffeine and alcohol during anxiety and stress. Some foods you can take to boost your mood include:

    • Salmon
    • Yogurt
    • Turmeric
    • Dark chocolate Tea
    • In a Nutshell

Stress and anxiety are themes we face daily, and we need to learn how to combat them. Learning more about anxiety and stress itself and tips to fight them off can help you throughout your life.

Reference

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/16-ways-relieve-stress-anxiety#15

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/6-foods-that-reduce-anxiety#section6

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Relieve Stress and Anxiety, Stress and Anxiety 2020-09-07 17:27:10 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/5-Tips-on-How-to-Relieve-Stress-and-Anxiety1.jpg
Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome At Heart Disease Risk https://odishatv.in/health/women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-at-heart-disease-risk-466734 Mon, 03 Aug 2020 09:13:04 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=466734

London: Women in their 30s and 40s with a common condition affecting how the ovaries work are more likely to get heart disease. “Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) isn’t a life sentence – there are many ways to stay heart healthy. Small changes add up, like eating more fruits and vegetables and doing more exercise,” said […]

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London: Women in their 30s and 40s with a common condition affecting how the ovaries work are more likely to get heart disease.

“Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) isn’t a life sentence – there are many ways to stay heart healthy. Small changes add up, like eating more fruits and vegetables and doing more exercise,” said study author Clare Oliver-Williams from the University of Cambridge in the UK.

According to the study, published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, It is estimated that 6-20 per cent of women of reproductive age have PCOS.

Features of the condition include multiple cysts (fluid-filled sacs) on the ovaries, irregular periods, excess body hair or hair loss from the head due to high levels of male hormones, and difficulty becoming pregnant.

Women with PCOS are more likely to be overweight or obese, have diabetes, and have high blood pressure – all risk factors for heart disease and stroke. This study examined whether this risky profile translates into a greater likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease – and, for the first time, whether that persists across the lifespan.

“Some PCOS symptoms are only present during the reproductive years, so it’s possible that the raised chance of heart disease might disappear later in life,” Oliver-Williams said.

The study included 60,574 women receiving treatment to help them get pregnant, such as in vitro fertilisation (IVF), from 1994 to 2015.

Of those, 6,149 (10.2 per cent) had PCOS.

The researchers used medical records to follow women for nine years. During that period, 2,925 (4.8 per cent) women developed cardiovascular disease.

Overall, women with PCOS were at 19 per cent higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease than women who did not have PCOS.

When divided into age groups, women with PCOS aged 50 and over did not have a higher risk of developing cardiovascular risk compared to their peers without PCOS.

The findings showed that women in their 30s and 40s with PCOS were at greater risk of cardiovascular disease compared to those without PCOS.

The evidence in those under 30 was less clear; this is likely because there were insufficient women of that age in the dataset to identify the risk.

“Heart health appears to be a particular problem for young women with PCOS. This may be because they are more likely to be overweight and have high blood pressure and diabetes compared to their peers,” the authors wrote.

(IANS)

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Childhood Abuse Can Elevate Heart Disease Risk In Women

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Adults Experiencing Severe Psychological Trauma Amid COVID19 Pandemic https://odishatv.in/health/adults-experiencing-severe-psychological-trauma-amid-covid19-pandemic-466583 Sun, 02 Aug 2020 15:45:11 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=466583

New York: New research adds to the growing body of evidence that Covid-19 pandemic is causing higher levels of depression, anxiety, suicidal tendencies and psychological trauma among adults. Using an internet survey of 10,368 adults from across the US, the research team have sought to better understand the sociological and psychological effects of the pandemic. […]

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New York: New research adds to the growing body of evidence that Covid-19 pandemic is causing higher levels of depression, anxiety, suicidal tendencies and psychological trauma among adults.

Using an internet survey of 10,368 adults from across the US, the research team have sought to better understand the sociological and psychological effects of the pandemic. The common denominator in their findings is fear.

“Fear is a pretty consistent predictor. We found is that fear, coupled with a range of social vulnerabilities, consistently and significantly predict a range of mental health outcomes,” said researcher Kevin Fitzpatrick from the University of Arkansas in the US.

“Additionally, as originally hypothesized, it appears as though individual fear is higher in those places where there is a higher concentration of confirmed Covid-19 cases and/or a higher death rate,” Fitzpatrick added.

In a study focusing on symptoms of depression published in the journal Anxiety and Depression, the research team found that on average, survey respondents scored one point higher than the cutoff for clinical significance on a commonly used depression scale. Nearly a third of respondents were significantly above that level, they found. They also found elevated depressive symptoms among socially vulnerable groups including women, the unemployed and people who report moderate to high levels of food insecurity.

In a second study on suicidal thoughts, behaviours and actions, published in the journal Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, the researchers found that 15 per cent of all respondents were categorised as high risk for suicide.

The third study, published in the journal Psychological Trauma, examined fear and mental health consequences of the pandemic. When researchers asked respondents how fearful they were of Coivd-19 on a scale of one-to-10, the average answer was seven. But fear of the disease and its consequences is not evenly distributed throughout the country, they found; it was highest in areas with a greater concentration of Covid-19 cases and among the most socially vulnerable groups.

“All three papers are part of an initial, early push to understand the sociological impact of Covid-19,” said Fitzpatrick. Meanwhile, another recent study, published in the journal PLOS One, revealed that google searches during pandemic hint at a future increase in suicide.

Recently, Australian researchers also found rates of elevated psychological distress, including depression and anxiety symptoms, were found among adults during the peak of the Covid-19 outbreak in the country.

(IANS)

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COVID19, Covid19 pandemic, Depression In Adults, Psychological Trauma 2020-08-02 21:18:26 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/Psychological-Trauma-In-Adu.jpg
Breathing Exercises Can Help Students Manage Mental Stress https://odishatv.in/health/breathing-exercises-can-help-students-manage-mental-stress-466387 Sat, 01 Aug 2020 16:56:57 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=466387

New York: Researchers have revealed that well-being strategies such as breathing exercises can improve mental health in college students and manages stress and anxiety. The research team evaluated three classroom-based wellness training programs that incorporate breathing and emotional intelligence strategies, finding that two led to improvements in aspects of wellbeing. The most effective programme led […]

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New York: Researchers have revealed that well-being strategies such as breathing exercises can improve mental health in college students and manages stress and anxiety.

The research team evaluated three classroom-based wellness training programs that incorporate breathing and emotional intelligence strategies, finding that two led to improvements in aspects of wellbeing.

The most effective programme led to improvements in six areas, including depression and social connectedness.

The researchers, who reported findings in the journal Frontiers in Psychiatry, said such resiliency training programmes could be a valuable tool for addressing the mental health crisis on university campuses.

“Student mental health has been on the decline over the last 10 years, and with the pandemic and racial tensions, things have only gotten worse,” said study lead author Emma Seppala from the Yale University in the US.

For the findings, the research team conducted the study, which tested three skill-building training programs on 135 undergraduate subjects for eight weeks (30 hours total) and measured results against those of a non-intervention control group.

They found that a training programme called SKY Campus Happiness, developed by the Art of Living Foundation, which relies on a breathing technique called SKY Breath Meditation, yoga postures, social connection, and service activities, was most beneficial.

Following the SKY sessions, students reported improvements in six areas of wellbeing: depression, stress, mental health, mindfulness, positive affect, and social connectedness.A second programme called Foundations of Emotional Intelligence, developed by the Yale resulted in one improvement: greater mindfulness — the ability for students to be present and enjoy the moment.

A third programme called Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, which relies heavily on mindfulness techniques, resulted in no reported improvements.

“Now that I have these techniques to help me, I would say that my mentality is a lot healthier,” study participant Davornne Lindo said.

“I can devote time to studying and not melting down. Races have gone better. Times are dropping.” Another participant in the SKY programme,” Lindo added.

Anna Wilkinson, who participated in the study, said she was not familiar with the positive benefits of breathing exercises before the training, but now uses the technique regularly.

“I didn’t realise how much of it was physiology, how you control the things inside you with breathing. I come out of breathing and meditation as a happier, more balanced person, which is something I did not expect at all,” Wilkinson said.

(IANS)

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Art Of Living, breathing exercises, mental stress, Mindfulness 2020-08-01 22:26:57 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/Breathing-Exercises.jpg
COVID-19 May Cause Deadly Blood Clots In Pregnant Women https://odishatv.in/health/covid-19-may-cause-deadly-blood-clots-in-pregnant-women-466283 Sat, 01 Aug 2020 08:54:59 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=466283

New York: In a fight against the novel coronavirus, researchers have revealed that COVID-19 may increase the risk of blot clots in women who are pregnant or taking estrogen with birth control or hormone replacement therapy. According to the researchers, the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, has proven unusual with respect to the spectrum of its pathological […]

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New York: In a fight against the novel coronavirus, researchers have revealed that COVID-19 may increase the risk of blot clots in women who are pregnant or taking estrogen with birth control or hormone replacement therapy.

According to the researchers, the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, has proven unusual with respect to the spectrum of its pathological effects.

“In addition to the damage inflicted on the lungs, kidneys, heart and other organ systems, reports have emerged of hypercoagulable states in patients hospitalized with COVID-19,” said study author Daniel I. Spratt from the Tufts University in the US.

A hypercoagulable state is a medical term for a condition in which there is an abnormally increased tendency toward blood clotting (coagulation).

According to a new manuscript published in the Endocrine Society’s journal, Endocrinology, one of the many complications of COVID-19 is the formation of blood clots in previously healthy people.

Estrogen increases the chance of blood clots during pregnancy and in women taking birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy.

If infected with COVID-19, these women’s risk of blood clotting could be even higher, and they may need to undergo anticoagulation therapy or to discontinue their estrogen medicines.

“During this pandemic, we need additional research to determine if women who become infected with the coronavirus during pregnancy should receive anticoagulation therapy,” Spratt said.

“Or if women taking birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy should discontinue them. Research that helps us understand how the coronavirus causes blood clots may also provide us with new knowledge regarding how blood clots form in other settings and how to prevent.”

Researching and understanding the cause of blood clotting in COVID-19, including the intersecting effects of estrogen therapy or pregnancy, has several hurdles and will require innovative animal and tissue models, the team said.

Conversations between clinicians and basic researchers and between endocrinologists and haematologists are necessary to explore potential interactions between COVID-19 and pregnancy or estrogen therapy that could guide clinical management.

(IANS)

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Blood Clots In Pregnant Women, Coronavirus, COVID19 2020-08-01 14:24:59 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/CCCCCCCC.jpg
For A Strong Immune System Add Protein & Vitamins To Your Diet https://odishatv.in/health/for-a-strong-immune-system-add-protein-vitamins-to-your-diet-466109 Fri, 31 Jul 2020 14:00:58 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=466109

New Delhi: As we face this global pandemic, it is important that we stay indoors. maintain physical distancing and focus on building a strong immune system which is a crucial shield against infections. While we are confined to the house, it is important we maintain a regular routine which includes daily exercise, eating a balanced […]

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New Delhi: As we face this global pandemic, it is important that we stay indoors. maintain physical distancing and focus on building a strong immune system which is a crucial shield against infections.

While we are confined to the house, it is important we maintain a regular routine which includes daily exercise, eating a balanced diet, staying hydrated, maintaining good gut health, getting adequate sleep, and managing stress levels.

Our immune system works as the frontline defence mechanism against disease-causing microorganisms and protects us from all viruses and microbes that our body is exposed to. A healthy lifestyle along with a well-balanced diet containing all the essential macro and micronutrients is vital for optimal functioning and maintenance of the immune system.

Protein is a versatile macronutrient that sustains life and has a particularly important role to play in boosting immune function. Though we all know about the importance of protein, Indians are deficient in our protein intake. On average an individual needs 0.8-1.0g of protein per kg ideal body weight. Recommendations may vary depending on several factors such as physical activity, age, co-morbid conditions like kidney disease etc. As per the General Consumer Survey (PRODIGY) conducted in 2015, 73 per cent of our population is deficient in protein intake with 93 per cent of our population being unaware of their daily protein requirements.

It is important to consume good quantity and quality of protein daily for the immune system to function at its best. A quarter of our plate at every meal must be protein.

A good quality first-class protein is one with high digestibility and has all the essential amino acids required by the body. Sources: all animal products like eggs, meat, fish, poultry, milk, milk products like curd, paneer, whey. Proteins that are partially lacking in one or more essential amino acids eg, cereals and pulses are called incomplete protein.

Combinations of foods such as cereal pulse combination like idli, dosa, pongal, khichdi, dal rice etc. in 4:1 proportion help improve the quality of protein in a vegetarian meal if you are unable to meet your protein requirements through diet alone, protein powders containing good quality protein can be included to bridge the gap. You can consult a qualified dietician to plan a diet tailor-made to meet your protein and nutrient requirements.

Vitamins which help boost immunity!
Vitamin A
  • Vitamin A is an anti-inflammatory vitamin and plays a critical role in enhancing immunity.
  • Beta-carotene is a precursor of vitamin A which when ingested is converted in the wall of the small intestine to vitamin A.
  • Sources of beta carotene-carrots, sweet potatoes, red and yellow peppers, tomatoes, dark green leafy veg, pumpkins, asparagus, mangoes, drumstick leaves.
Vitamin B6
  • Vit B6 plays an important role in supporting biochemical reactions of the immune system.
  • Sources: fish, poultry, nuts, chickpeas, dark green leafy veg, bananas, papayas.
Vitamin B12
  • Vitamin B12 is a vital nutrient in the formation of healthy red blood cells and DNA synthesis.
  • Vitamin B12 along with folic acid plays a crucial role in maintaining a healthy immune system.
  • Sources: fish, meat, poultry, eggs, milk, and milk products.
Vitamin C
  • Vitamin C is the most powerful antioxidant known to boost immunity. It also helps in the regeneration of Vitamin E.
  • Sources: Indian gooseberry (amla), guava, orange, sweet lime, lemon, bell peppers, berries, red amaranth leaves, cashew fruit, kiwi, strawberry, broccoli, etc.
Vitamin D
  • Vitamin D is essential to immune function and helps regulate the body’s immune response. You can get your dose of Vit D by standing in sunlight either on your terrace or balcony without sunscreen during the day preferably between 11 a.m. and 1 p.m. If your levels of Vit D are low, consult your physician who may suggest a Vit D supplement.
  • Sources: Egg Yolk, cod liver oil, mushrooms, sardines, fatty fish
Vitamin E
  • Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that plays a key role in regulating and supporting immune system function. It prevents oxidation of Beta Carotene and Vit A in the intestine.
  • Sources: nuts such as almonds, pistachios, seeds like sunflower seeds, flax seeds, garden cress seeds

In addition to protein and vitamins, certain minerals like zinc, magnesium, selenium along with omega 3 fats play a key role in boosting immunity.

We can also give our immune system a boost by adding anti-viral foods easily available in our kitchen like garlic, fennel, ginger, cloves, tulsi, turmeric and coconut oil.

Making simple tweaks to your diet by including immune-boosting nutrients to help to fight infections. Lastly, do not forget to maintain hygiene by washing hands regularly, wear masks when out maintain physical distancing.

(IANS)

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protein, Strong Immunity, Vitamin A, vitamin b12, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamins 2020-07-31 19:34:49 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Vitamins.jpg
Monsoon Skincare For Babies Every Mother Should Follow https://odishatv.in/health/monsoon-skincare-for-babies-every-mother-should-follow-465864 Thu, 30 Jul 2020 16:48:16 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=465864

New Delhi: As the monsoon brings humidity and dampness that can lead to certain skin-related issues in babies, such as rashes, itchy scalp, an Ayurvedic expert has shared key tips for baby’s skincare this monsoon season. According to the expert, with a change in the season, it is advisable to change your baby’s skincare routine […]

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New Delhi: As the monsoon brings humidity and dampness that can lead to certain skin-related issues in babies, such as rashes, itchy scalp, an Ayurvedic expert has shared key tips for baby’s skincare this monsoon season.

According to the expert, with a change in the season, it is advisable to change your baby’s skincare routine to include season-friendly products.

Babies have very sensitive skin, and this makes it important to take extra care of their skin by ensuring that it is moisturised and nourished.

“Following a monsoon skincare routine for your little one can help tackle skin concerns, right from diaper rashes to cradle cap and itchy scalp,” said Dr Prathibha Babshet, Ayurveda Expert, R&D, The Himalaya Drug Company.

“A proper monsoon head-to-heel skincare routine using safe and gentle products will help you tackle the common skin concerns during the season,” Babshet added.

According to the expert, skincare tips for the monsoon that every mother should are: Daily bath, haircare to tackle itchy scalp and cradle cap, keeping skin dry after a bath, preventing diaper rashes and choosing appropriate monsoon clothing.

“During the daily bath, choose a gentle baby soap enriched with olive oil and almond. almond oil helps moisturize baby’s skin, and olive oil helps nourish and protect skin from dryness,” Babshet advised.

“Take the herbal route for your baby’s hair care by using a gentle baby shampoo infused with herbs like hibiscus and chickpea as hibiscus helps moisturize and condition hair and chickpea helps nourish hair,” she added.

The expert also stressed that keep the skin of the babies dry after a bath.

“Post bath, gently pats dry, especially the areas with skin folds, such as cheeks, neck, chin, and knees,” she said.

According to Babshet, diaper rashes are caused due to the wetness from the nappy. The best way to prevent a nappy rash is by using a diaper rash cream infused with Yashoda Bhasma and almond oil.

“Also, dress your baby in full and light clothing, preferably made of cotton fabrics. Avoid overdressing your baby; instead, keep a light jacket or a thin blanket handy when it gets cold,” she added.

In addition to following these simple tips, keep the environment clean as it will help protect your baby from mosquitoes and insect bites. Use mosquito nets and ensure there is no stagnant water around the house.

(IANS)

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monsoon, Monsoon Skincare, mother, Skincare For Babies 2020-07-30 22:18:16 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Skin-care.jpg
Depression, Stress Higher During Peak Of Covid-19 Pandemic https://odishatv.in/health/depression-stress-higher-during-peak-of-covid-19-pandemic-465759 Thu, 30 Jul 2020 09:31:59 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=465759

Sydney: Australian researchers have found that rates of elevated psychological distress, including depression and anxiety symptoms, were found among adults during the peak of the Covid-19 outbreak. The acute and long-term mental health impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic are largely unknown, the study, published in the journal PLOS ONE reported. “Research into previous pandemics has […]

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Sydney: Australian researchers have found that rates of elevated psychological distress, including depression and anxiety symptoms, were found among adults during the peak of the Covid-19 outbreak.

The acute and long-term mental health impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic are largely unknown, the study, published in the journal PLOS ONE reported.

“Research into previous pandemics has shown higher rates of illness fears, psychological distress, insomnia and other mental health problems in people with pre-existing mental illness, front-line health care workers, and survivors of the disease,” said study authors from the University of New South Wales (UNSW) in Australia.

In the new study, the research team used an online survey to examine mental health responses to the pandemic among 5,070 Australian adults. The online questionnaire asked participants about their fears, behavioural responses to Covid-19, psychological distress, alcohol use, and physical activity.

The population included in the survey was not representative of the overall population; 70 per cent had pre-existing mental health diagnoses, 86 per cent were female, and 75 per cent were Caucasian.

Although few participants had contracted Covid-19, more than one-quarter (25.9 per cent) were very or extremely worried about contracting the virus and more than half (52.7 per cent) were very or extremely worried about their family and friends.

While the questionnaires could not be used to make any diagnoses, most participants reported that their mental health had worsened during the outbreak, with 55 per cent saying it had worsened a little and 23 per cent saying it had worsened a lot.

Around half of all participants reported moderate to extreme loneliness and worry about their financial situation. Between 20.3 and 24.1 per cent of people surveyed had been experiencing severe or extremely severe levels of depression, anxiety and stress over the week preceding their survey, and another 18 to 22 per cent had moderate symptoms.

“We wanted to provide a snapshot of the mental health of the general community during the Covid-19 outbreak and look into the impact of the enforcement of social distancing laws, in Australia,” the study authors wrote.

“We don’t know what the long-term impacts of the pandemic will be, but these figures certainly show a negative impact on mental health in the short-term,” they noted.

Another study, published this week in the Journal of Medical Internet Research, revealed that college students were more anxious and depressed during the initial phase of Covid-19 compared with a similar period in previous academic years.

Last month, a study published in the journal CMAJ, also showed that children and young people were experiencing indirect adverse effects of the pandemic on their mental and physical health.

(IANS)

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Vitamin D Deficiency Lead To Higher Osteoporosis & Poor Bone Health https://odishatv.in/health/vitamin-d-deficiency-lead-to-higher-osteoporosis-poor-bone-health-465542 Wed, 29 Jul 2020 11:46:43 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=465542

New York: Calcium and vitamin D deficiencies lead to a higher risk of osteoporosis and poor bone health, a new study revealed. For the findings, published in the journal PLOS ONE, the research team examined inadequate nutrient intake and its relationship to poor bone health, specifically the risk of osteoporosis. The team examined the relationship […]

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New York: Calcium and vitamin D deficiencies lead to a higher risk of osteoporosis and poor bone health, a new study revealed.

For the findings, published in the journal PLOS ONE, the research team examined inadequate nutrient intake and its relationship to poor bone health, specifically the risk of osteoporosis.

The team examined the relationship between markers of poverty with calcium and vitamin D intake and osteoporosis in Americans, 50 years and older.

“This study continues to demonstrate how prevalent nutrient deficiency is among the US population, and even more so, among lower-income individuals and those with food insecurities,” said Susan Hazels Mitmesser from Pharmavite LLC, the makers of nature made vitamins, minerals and supplements, who conducted the study.

“Yet, we know that nutrient adequacy is imperative in supporting overall health and wellness, including immune health, at a time when that is heavy on everyone’s mind,” she added.

According to the study, 25 per cent of older US people live below the poverty line. Within this population, 68 per cent have inadequate calcium intake, and 46 per cent have inadequate vitamin D intake. Gender, ethnic, and socio-economic differences impact the overall risk for inadequate calcium and vitamin D intake and subsequent osteoporosis risk, as seen in some of the study key findings.

The findings also showed that US women over the age of 50 consistently have inadequate calcium intake, regardless of their economic status.

Inadequate intake of calcium and vitamin D affects poverty-stricken men more than women with respect to osteoporosis risk.

It has been estimated in the US population aged 50 and older, about 10.2 million suffer from osteoporosis, and 80 per cent of these affected cases are females.

In addition, there are potentially 43.4 million people, or 44 per cent of the population with osteopenia, which is a bone condition that often leads to osteoporosis.

“Improving the consumption of nutrient-rich and fortified foods among individuals that live in poverty can help to decrease their chances of developing osteoporosis,” the study authors wrote.

“Additionally, dietary supplements can play a critical role in helping any underserved population meet their nutrition needs,” they noted.

(IANS)

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bone health, Calcium Deficiency, osteoporosis, vitamin D 2020-07-29 17:16:43 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/osto.jpg
Flu Vaccine May Reduce Risk Of Alzheimer’s Disease https://odishatv.in/health/flu-vaccine-may-reduce-risk-of-alzheimers-disease-465524 Wed, 29 Jul 2020 09:40:11 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=465524

New York: People who received at least one flu vaccination were 17 per cent less likely to get Alzheimer’s disease over the course of a lifetime, researchers said. “Because there are no treatments for Alzheimer’s disease, it is crucial that we find ways to prevent it and delay its onset,” said study researcher Albert Amran […]

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New York: People who received at least one flu vaccination were 17 per cent less likely to get Alzheimer’s disease over the course of a lifetime, researchers said.

“Because there are no treatments for Alzheimer’s disease, it is crucial that we find ways to prevent it and delay its onset,” said study researcher Albert Amran from the University of Texas Health Science Centre in the US.

“About 5.8 million people in the US have this disease, so even a small reduction in risk can make a dramatic difference. We began our study by looking for ways we could reduce this risk,” Amran added.

The aim of the researchers was to pinpoint potential factors that could reduce Alzheimer’s disease risk.The role was to sort through enormous amounts of de-identified patient data in the Cerner Health Facts database to see whether there are drugs that could be repurposed to reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease.

Once the team identified the flu vaccine as a candidate, they used machine learning to analyse more than 310,000 health records to study the relationship between flu vaccination and Alzheimer’s disease. The study found that more frequent flu vaccination and receiving a vaccination at younger ages were associated with even greater decreases in risk.

“One of our theories of how the flu vaccine may work is that some of the proteins in the flu virus may train the body’s immune response to better protect against Alzheimer’s disease,” Amran said.

“Providing people with a flu vaccine may be a safe way to introduce those proteins that could help prepare the body to fight off the disease,” he added.

The researchers noted that additional studies in large clinical trials are needed to explore whether the flu shot could serve as a valid public health strategy in the fight against this disease.

“More research is needed to investigate why and how the flu vaccine works in the body to help prevent Alzheimer’s disease,” the authors wrote.

The study was presented at the 2020 Alzheimer’s Association International Conference on July 27-31. The conference was held virtually due to Covid-19.

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Alzheimer, flu vaccine 2020-07-29 15:10:11 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Alzheimer.jpg
The Benefits Of Drinking Plenty Of Water Linked To Low Suicide Rates https://odishatv.in/health/the-benefits-of-drinking-plenty-of-water-linked-to-low-suicide-rates-465248 Tue, 28 Jul 2020 09:46:42 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=465248

London: It looks like we have now one more reason to drink plenty of water as scientists, including one of Indian-origin, found that naturally occurring lithium in public drinking water may have an anti-suicidal effect and linked with lower suicide rates. Lithium, sometimes referred to as the ‘Magic Ion’, is widely and effectively used as […]

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London: It looks like we have now one more reason to drink plenty of water as scientists, including one of Indian-origin, found that naturally occurring lithium in public drinking water may have an anti-suicidal effect and linked with lower suicide rates.

Lithium, sometimes referred to as the ‘Magic Ion’, is widely and effectively used as a medication for the treatment and prevention of manic and depressive episodes, stabilising mood and reducing the risk of suicide in people with mood disorders.

Its anti-aggressive properties can help reduce impulsivity, aggression, violent criminal behaviour and chronic substance abuse.

Lithium is a naturally occurring element and is found in variable amounts in vegetables, grains, spices and drinking water. It is present in trace amounts in virtually all rocks, and is mobilised by weathering into soils, ground and standing water, and thus into the public water supply.

“It is promising that higher levels of trace lithium in drinking water may exert an anti-suicidal effect and have the potential to improve community mental health,” said study lead author Anjum Memon from Brighton and Sussex Medical School (BSMS) in the UK.

Published in the British Journal of Psychiatry, the study collated research from around the world and found that geographical areas with relatively high levels of concentration of lithium in public drinking water had correspondingly lower suicide rates.

The study involved systematic review and meta-analysis of all previous studies on the subject – conducted in Austria, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, UK, Japan and the US – which correlated naturally occurring lithium levels in drinking water samples and suicide rates in 1,286 regions/counties/cities in these countries.

The health benefits and curative powers of naturally occurring lithium in water have been known for centuries.

The Lithia Springs, an ancient Native American sacred medicinal spring, with its natural lithium-enriched water, is renowned for its health-giving properties.

In fact, the popular soft drink 7-Up contained lithium when it was created in 1929.

Recent studies have also linked lithium to reduced incidence of Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias. This raises the potential for its preventative use to combat the risk of dementia.

This synthesis and analysis of all available evidence confirms previous findings of some individual studies and shows a significant relationship between higher lithium levels in drinking water and lower suicide rates in the community.

“These findings are also consistent with the finding in clinical trials that lithium reduces suicide and related behaviours in people with a mood disorder,” the study authors wrote.

(IANS)

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Drinking Water May Boost Mental Skills In Exercising Elderly

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Infertility-Related Issues Are Man-Made & Can Be Reversed With Lifestyle Changes https://odishatv.in/health/infertility-related-issues-are-man-made-can-be-reversed-with-lifestyle-changes-465013 Mon, 27 Jul 2020 10:28:05 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=465013

New Delhi: Infertility is mostly man-made and it can be reversed to a certain extent if we make a few changes in our lifestyle and try to live a little bit as we lived in the good old times, says Dr Shanujeet Kaur, Senior Consultant – Gynecologist and Fertility expert at Cloudnine Group of Hospitals, […]

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New Delhi: Infertility is mostly man-made and it can be reversed to a certain extent if we make a few changes in our lifestyle and try to live a little bit as we lived in the good old times, says Dr Shanujeet Kaur, Senior Consultant – Gynecologist and Fertility expert at Cloudnine Group of Hospitals, Chandigarh.

There have been two major changes in our societal fabric in the past decade or so. First is the shift from joint families to nuclear families which translates into a lack of help from family members in raising our children and demands sacrificing at least one person’s career, in most cases the woman, to take care of the baby. So the couple keeps postponing pregnancy and hence the rise in the number of DINKs (double income no kids) couples.

Lifestyle ailments are increasingly playing villain, especially obesity and diabetes. Over 40 per cent of young men and women are either overweight or obese.

Sexually transmitted infections and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are other new areas of concern among women. A rise in unprotected sex has led to sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and widespread use of both emergency contraception and surgical abortions, which can trigger serious infections that may cause irreversible infertility, Dr Kaur points out.

“Second is the advent of social media and with it among other things, the pressure to live a certain kind of lifestyle. There is a constant pressure to earn more, achieve more to be seen and talked about more. It has changed our priorities and so getting married or having babies doesn’t seem as important.”

The expert lists down few important points related to infertility and pregnancy:

The right age to conceive: It is very important to bust this myth about age and IVF and to educate young couples that every female is born with a finite number of eggs in her ovary which depletes with every passing year. This decline is very rapid from 35 years of age and the success rates with any fertility treatments including IVF decrease with each passing year beyond the age of 32. Also conception – It is not a female problem. And a man can equally be responsible for fertility issues, just like the woman. Female factors are responsible for infertility in about 40-50 per cent cases and male factors are directly responsible in about 30 per cent cases and contributing indirectly in nearly 50 per cent.

Job pressure: Women and men have made it their lives’ goal to work and earn and in turn have lost all connectivity with their own selves. A lot of people are found to look after their physical health by exercising, trying to eat right. However, they have been made to believe that work is life and hence looking after their mental health is avoided by many people altogether.

No elder family member to guide: People believe in living in a nuclear family these days and they prefer to live in cities with high paying jobs. The joint-family system is completely broken, also there’s been a decline in the Interpersonal relationship of couples and hence there are hardly family members to guide a couple regarding conception. Women are under a lot of work pressure at offices, adding to that is the pressure of looking after their homes and men work twice as hard to keep up their lifestyles. Amidst all of this, couples almost end up not having the confidence to take the responsibility of children and hence wait too long to conceive.

Obesity in men as well as women: Obesity is a poison from both men and women trying to conceive. It leads to a decline in the number, motility and overall quality of sperms in men and causes poor quality egg production in women. All this may lead to a lack of ability of the sperm to fertilize the egg and lack of ability for the fertilized egg to be implanted in the uterus.

Smoking, alcohol, drug and substance abuse: Couples should start taking such concerns seriously, alcohol, smoking, drug and substance abuse is as bad as it sounds. The damage done is permanent and can’t be recovered. No amount of intoxication is alright for the body.

Way forward: Infertility is a complicated issue and many things are involved in it as stated above. Women shouldn’t wait till they are above 30 years of age to conceive. The best thing to do is to seek a doctor’s guidance early in life. A doctor can do a number of tests to find the cause at the beginning itself and if needed a useful treatment plan can be developed to increase the chances of conception, says Dr Kaur.

“Women who are advancing in age and have late marriages should be made aware egg preservation methods. Women are born with a finite set of eggs that get depleted through the course of their lives hence it is important that working women in their late twenties learn more about egg cryopreservation in case they want to have children later in their lives. It is very important for couples to understand that – IVF has its limitations. The increasing access to IVF (InVitroFertilization)/test tube baby and other advances in the field of reproductive medicine has also made couples more complacent as they think pregnancy can be achieved at any age with these technologies. However, the more a woman ages, the less are her chances of conceiving even through IVF,” she concludes.

(IANS)

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Chennai Hospital Fits Heart Pumps In 3-Yr-Old Russian Boy https://odishatv.in/health/chennai-hospital-fits-heart-pumps-in-3-yr-old-russian-boy-464979 Mon, 27 Jul 2020 09:29:24 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=464979

Chennai: In a complex seven-hour operation, a three-year-old Russian boy was successfully operated upon and two artificial heart pumps known as Berlin Heart was implanted, said MGM Healthcare on Monday. The boy had earlier suffered two cardiac arrests where the heart stopped beating and had to be resuscitated with manual compressions. In a statement, MGM […]

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Chennai: In a complex seven-hour operation, a three-year-old Russian boy was successfully operated upon and two artificial heart pumps known as Berlin Heart was implanted, said MGM Healthcare on Monday.

The boy had earlier suffered two cardiac arrests where the heart stopped beating and had to be resuscitated with manual compressions.

In a statement, MGM Healthcare, a private hospital, said the artificial heart pumps will support the right and left side of the heart of the boy who weighs 10 kg.

The marathon surgery was performed in collaboration with engineering support teams from the UK and Germany guided by state-of-the-art virtual technology owing to travel restrictions imposed by the Covid-19 pandemic, MGM Healthcare said.

The three-year-old boy suffered from a heart condition called restrictive cardiomyopathy wherein the walls of the lower chambers of the heart called the ventricles, are too rigid to expand and receive any blood.

The parents of the boy flew him to Chennai for consultation with K R Balakrishnan, chairman and director of Cardiac Sciences and director of the Heart and Lung Transplant and Mechanical Circulatory Support Programme.

The boy was initially treated with medications for around two months, but unfortunately, his condition started worsening. He became critically ill and was admitted to MGM Healthcare.

According to the hospital, the boy’s condition continued to deteriorate and he suffered cardiac arrests twice, where the heart stopped beating and had to be resuscitated with manual compressions.

The only option possible for such a small child was an artificial heart pump and since both the right and left side of his heart was affected, he needed two heart pumps.

Small pumps for such a small child known as Paediatric Biventricular pumps are made only in Germany by a company called Berlin Heart, the statement said.

However, the challenge was to fit the cannula needed for the pump inside the boy’s small chest cavity. Additionally, managing anaesthesia and surgery on such a small child wearing the mandatory personal protective equipment called for the best of clinical expertise.

Experts from multiple backgrounds and countries joined via teleconference to support the team in Chennai.

Commenting on the treatment, Dr Balakrishnan said, “This was a huge challenge, given the prevailing circumstances. Berlin Heart will support the circulation of this child till the heart recovers or he gets a transplant.”

The implant procedure was performed on May 25.

Post-implant, the boy was kept under observation for a few weeks. The child has recovered remarkably well and has gained weight in a very short time and has been discharged from the intensive care unit. He is absolutely fine now, Dr Balakrishnan added.

According to Suresh Rao KG, co-director, Institute of Heart and Lung Transplant and Mechanical Circulatory Support and HOD, Cardiac Anaesthesia, newborns with heart failure or children suffering from severe heart insufficiency don’t really have much of a choice.

“A heart transplant most of the time is the only possibility for survival. The problem which the doctors are facing is that there is hardly a chance to keep their patient’s condition stable until a heart transplant becomes possible. Waiting times are much too long until the donor’s hearts become available. The demand for life-saving heart-assisting devices, which could bridge the time by mechanically supporting the heart function, is enormous,” Rao said.

(IANS)

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3-Yr-Old, Chennai Hospital, Heart Pumps, Russian Boy 2020-07-27 14:59:24 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/russ.jpg
Hospitalised Coronavirus Patients Have Low Risk Of Stroke https://odishatv.in/health/hospitalised-coronavirus-patients-have-low-risk-of-stroke-464974 Mon, 27 Jul 2020 09:11:16 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=464974

New York: While initial reports suggested a significant risk of stroke in patients hospitalised with Covid-19, now a new study shows a low risk of stroke in patients hospitalised for coronavirus. According to the study, published in the journal Stroke from Penn Medicine, the majority of afflicted patients had existing risk factors, such as high […]

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New York: While initial reports suggested a significant risk of stroke in patients hospitalised with Covid-19, now a new study shows a low risk of stroke in patients hospitalised for coronavirus.

According to the study, published in the journal Stroke from Penn Medicine, the majority of afflicted patients had existing risk factors, such as high blood pressure and diabetes.

“While there was an initial concern for a high number of strokes related to COVID-19, that has not been born out,” said study senior author Brett Cucchiara from the University of Pennsylvania in the US.

To evaluate the risk and incidence of stroke in Covid-19 hospitalised patients, researchers analysed data from 844 COVID-19 patients admitted to the hospital between March and May.

The team also analysed the data for cases of intracranial haemorrhage (bleeding in the brain). Researchers found that 2.4 per cent of patients hospitalised for Covid-19 had an ischemic stroke — the most common type of stroke, typically caused by a blood clot in the brain. Importantly, the majority of these stroke patients had existing risk factors, such as high blood pressure (95 per cent) and a history of diabetes (60 per cent), and traditional stroke mechanisms, such as heart failure.

Additionally, over one-third had a history of a previous stroke. Researchers say the results suggest that these cerebrovascular events in hospitalised Covid-19 patients are likely tied to existing conditions, and not the sole consequence of the virus.

However, other factors could be at play and require continued research. While the precise mechanisms linking cerebrovascular events to Covid-19 remain uncertain at this time, it has recently been reported that the viral infection, SARS-CoV-2, causes inflammation and a hypercoagulable state (excessive blood clotting) — both could be potential mechanisms leading to stroke.

In addition to the incidents of stroke, the research team found that 0.9 per cent of hospitalised Covid-19 patients had intracranial haemorrhage. While the rate of stroke in hospitalised Covid-19 patients is comparable to studies in Wuhan, China and Italy the rate of intracranial haemorrhage, which has not previously been reported, is higher than investigators expected.

The authors noted this could be tied to the increasing use of anticoagulant therapy (blood thinners) in Covid-19 patients, and requires additional exploration.

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Heart Transplants Declined Sharply During COVID-19 Pandemic https://odishatv.in/health/heart-transplants-declined-sharply-during-covid-19-pandemic-464804 Sun, 26 Jul 2020 16:34:00 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=464804

New York: Researchers have found that the number of heart transplants is declining sharply during the Covid-19 pandemic, even in areas with lower infection rates. The study, published in the journal JAMA Cardiology, found that the number of heart transplants performed in the US dropped 26 per cent during the pandemic. The drop in transplants […]

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New York: Researchers have found that the number of heart transplants is declining sharply during the Covid-19 pandemic, even in areas with lower infection rates.

The study, published in the journal JAMA Cardiology, found that the number of heart transplants performed in the US dropped 26 per cent during the pandemic.

The drop in transplants was similar across regions and occurred even in areas with lower infection rates.

“We were surprised to see a decline in heart transplants in other parts of the country, where there were far fewer COVID-19 cases at that time,” said study researcher Ersilia DeFilippis from Columbia University in the US.

“Our data show that this pandemic has had far-reaching impacts on the care of our patients with advanced heart failure are receiving,” DeFilippis added.

At the beginning of the pandemic, clinicians had to weigh the risks of exposing medically fragile patients with heart failure, though well enough to remain at home, to SARS-CoV-2 infection with the risks of delaying a life-changing surgery.

The research team found that many clinicians reacted by taking their patients off the waitlist– a measure typically pursued when a patient encounters a health issue that temporarily or permanently disqualifies them for transplantation.

It was expanded during the pandemic to include patients at risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and to accommodate transplant centres that deferred acceptance of donor organs due to the pandemic.

They found that waitlist inactivations increased 75 per cent during the pandemic, driven largely by the Northeast. At the same time, 37 per cent fewer people were placed on heart transplant waitlists during the pandemic, with the most significant decreases occurring in the Northeast, the Great Lakes region, and the Southwest.

In addition, the researchers found that the availability of donor’s hearts decreased by 26 Aper cent during the Covid-19 period compared with the pre-Covid-19 period.

“It is possible that limited access to testing for donors as well as restrictions on organ procurement organizations may have contributed to the decrease we observed in donor recovery,” DeFilippis said.

Next, the researchers plan to study the impact of these changes on patient survival while on the transplant waitlist and post-transplant survival.

“As the pandemic continues, we must be mindful of the effects of these delays on our patients,” the study authors noted.

(IANS)

Also Read: Bihar, UP Worst In COVID Data Reporting Across India

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Breast Cancer Rates Rising Rapidly Around The World https://odishatv.in/health/breast-cancer-rates-rising-rapidly-around-the-world-464757 Sun, 26 Jul 2020 11:34:33 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=464757

Toronto: In a study conducted in 41 countries, the researchers have revealed that breast cancer rates among women are on the rise globally. The research, published in the journal The Lancet Global Health, found that in higher-income nations rates of breast cancer in premenopausal women are increasing, while postmenopausal breast cancer is increasing more rapidly […]

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Toronto: In a study conducted in 41 countries, the researchers have revealed that breast cancer rates among women are on the rise globally.

The research, published in the journal The Lancet Global Health, found that in higher-income nations rates of breast cancer in premenopausal women are increasing, while postmenopausal breast cancer is increasing more rapidly in lower-income countries.

Although breast cancer is thought to be a disease of the developed world, almost 50 per cent of breast cancer cases and 58 per cent of deaths occur in less developed countries, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

“To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the global rates and trends of pre- and postmenopausal breast cancer,” said study researcher Miranda Fidler-Benaoudia from the University of Calgary in Canada.

“Distinguishing between pre- and postmenopausal breast cancer allowed us to uncover different trends, which could be important for tailoring prevention efforts and curbing the future breast cancer burden worldwide,” Fidler-Benaoudia added.

Although the study provides evidence of an increase in breast cancer rates in women of all ages, the increase in premenopausal breast cancer in higher-income countries is particularly concerning, according to the researchers.

Premenopausal breast cancer was significantly increasing in 20 out of 44 populations, they said. Postmenopausal breast cancer is significantly increasing in 24 out of the 44 populations, most notably in countries undergoing transitions from lower to higher-income status.

The research team said that this could be a result of these countries adopting a more Western lifestyle that includes unhealthy behaviours that increase breast cancer risk such as lower levels of physical activity and increased alcohol consumption.

Adopting early screening procedures, which are common in higher-income countries, could play a part as well, by identifying more cases early on.

The study highlights the inequities in cancer mortality worldwide, showing that about 47 per cent of women diagnosed with premenopausal breast cancer in less developed countries will die, compared to only 11 per cent in the most developed countries.

Postmenopausal breast cancer saw a fatality rate of 56 per cent in less developed nations compared to 21 per cent in their more developed counterparts.

“Early diagnosis and access to treatment remain key to combating breast cancer in low- and middle-income countries,” the study authors wrote.

(IANS)

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Neurological Disorder Among COVID Symptoms: Case Presentation https://odishatv.in/health/neurological-disorder-among-covid-symptoms-case-presentation-464609 Sun, 26 Jul 2020 02:09:59 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=464609

New Delhi: Neurological disorder may be one of the coronavirus infection’s symptoms as per a case presentation by Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI) in Gurugram. However, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) has not come to any such conclusion regarding the symptom’s link to the disease. The FMRI, the flagship hospital of Fortis Healthcare […]

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New Delhi: Neurological disorder may be one of the coronavirus infection’s symptoms as per a case presentation by Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI) in Gurugram. However, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) has not come to any such conclusion regarding the symptom’s link to the disease.

The FMRI, the flagship hospital of Fortis Healthcare Limited, shared its input after a study on eight patients the hospital treated in nearly four months amid the novel coronavirus crisis.

A recent example of the neurological symptom, as per FMRI, was seen in a 28-year-old youth (name withheld) who was brought comatose and had suffered seizures but was successfully treated by the doctors at Fortis Hospital in Gurugram.

Sharing details, the statement said the male patient was brought to the FMRI emergency with symptoms of sudden unconsciousness and recurrent seizures.

The patient did not show any flu-like symptoms, but on evaluation the patient tested positive for coronavirus, said the hospital.

The patient was successfully treated by a team of doctors led by Dr Praveen Gupta, Director (Neurology) at FMRI.

Dr Gupta told IANS: “This young man was comatose and had seizures when wheeled in to the hospital emergency. As the case was a rare presentation, coronavirus test was done twice and both times the report was positive.

“The patient underwent an MRI of brain which was normal. His seizures stopped and after a day he became conscious. Gradually, he was taken off the ventilator after 3 days.”

The doctor said that the patient developed fever and suffered from decreased oxygenation and cough, which persisted for a week. “He also coughed out blood in sputum. Gradually, he improved with HCQS (Hydroxychloroquine) and antibiotics and anti-seizure medications and became febrile.”

The patient was discharged after his two reports came corona negative, without any neurological damage in a recovered state, Gupta said.

According to the patient, his family was in shock when they found out he was corona positive as he did not show any flu-like symptoms.

“I have never in my life suffered any neurological disorder. Both these things came as disbelief to my family as I was healthy one day and they had to carry me to the hospital emergency the next day. I had never imagined that at my age also, coronavirus can cause such severe medical repercussions. My family and I really appreciate the efforts the doctors made to save my life.”

Dr Gupta explained that the virus can “bind ace 2 receptors and reach the central nervous system”.

“It can cause inflammation, leading to encephalitis/meningitis. The inflammation of brain can cause neurochemical imbalance, giving rise to seizure. It can cause increased clotting, giving rise to stroke that is seen in 5 per cent patients.

“It can lead to nerve damage, giving rise to GBS (Guillain – Barre Syndrome) and muscle damage. There can be post viral immune mediated phenomena like ADEM (Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis – it is a rare inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system.

“Loss of taste and smell, which can be initial symptoms but can occur without other symptoms, are being increasingly recognised. Finally, due to lack of oxygenation and clotting abnormalities the virus infection can cause brain damage,” Dr Gupta said.

As per the hospital, case presentation shows neurological disorders, a symptom of coronavirus infection.

“Neurological manifestations of corona infection is increasingly being recognised,” it says.

Dr Gupta said he had come across eight such cases, of which five patients were presented with flu-like symptoms and developed neurological problems while 3 patients first developed neurological problems, followed by other flu symptoms.

These other cases were characterised by weakness, neuropathy, one case of brain inflammation or encephalitis, one case of transient stroke, whereas two patients had strokes and seizures during the course of COVID-19 treatment.

Dr Ritu Garg, Zonal Director, FMRI, said: “This period has been very challenging for everyone, especially the frontline warriors. Earlier, only flu-like symptoms were seen in patients; however, this case presentation shows that neurological disorder is on the rise in regard to COIVD-19 patients.”

“The case was managed by taking all necessary precautions into account and catered to by different designated staff. The frontline workers at the FMRI will continue to serve all their patients with due precautions and safety protocols.”

(IANS)

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Loss Of Smell Or Taste Added To List Of COVID-19 Symptoms: Health Ministry

Anxiety May Be Symptoms Of COVID-19 Impact On Brain

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Coronavirus, coronavirus symptoms, COVID-19, COVID-19 symptoms, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, neurological disorder 2020-07-26 07:39:59 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/neurological-disorder-Covid.jpg
Plant-Based Diets Rich In Carbohydrates Beneficial For Type 1 Diabetes https://odishatv.in/health/plant-based-diets-rich-in-carbohydrates-beneficial-for-type-1-diabetes-464488 Sat, 25 Jul 2020 11:14:07 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=464488

New York: Plant-based diets rich in whole carbohydrates can improve insulin sensitivity and other health markers in individuals with type 1 diabetes, say researchers. Two case studies, published in the Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism, followed individuals with type 1 diabetes who adopted plant-based diets rich in whole carbohydrates–including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes. […]

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New York: Plant-based diets rich in whole carbohydrates can improve insulin sensitivity and other health markers in individuals with type 1 diabetes, say researchers.

Two case studies, published in the Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism, followed individuals with type 1 diabetes who adopted plant-based diets rich in whole carbohydrates–including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes. “Decades of research has proven that a plant-based diet can be beneficial for those with type 2 diabetes. Now, groundbreaking case studies are offering hope that the same may be true for those with type 1 diabetes,” said the study authors from the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine in the US.

Previous studies have found that low-fat, plant-based diets can be beneficial for those with type 2 diabetes. Research has also shown that those eating a plant-based diet have approximately half the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, compared with non-vegetarians. For the findings, the patients’ health care teams tracked their blood sugar control, heart disease risk factors, and other health measurements before and after the diet change.

One case study followed a female patient who was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in 2018. At the time, her A1C was 8.7 per cent. A1C is a blood test for type 2 diabetes and prediabetes.

She initially adopted a low-carbohydrate (less than 30 grams of carbohydrate per day), high-fat diet that was high in meat and dairy. Her blood sugar stabilised, but she required more insulin per gram of carbohydrate consumed. Her total cholesterol also increased from 175 to 221 mg/dL.

In January 2019, she switched to a plant-based diet, eliminating dairy products, eggs, and meat. The patient was able to decrease her insulin dosage, maintain her A1C level at 5.4 per cent, and drop her cholesterol level to 158 mg/dL.

The other individual – a 42-year-old man who had been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at age 25 – eliminated animal products from his diet and switched to a whole-food, plant-based diet. After adopting a carbohydrate-rich plant-based diet, he lost weight, required less insulin, and reduced his A1C — a measure of blood sugar levels over a 3-month period – from 6.2 per cent to a range between 5.5-5.8 per cent.

“The study shows that adding more healthful carbohydrates to the diet stabilised glycemic control, reduced insulin needs, and boosted her overall health in both patients,” the researchers said. The authors note that randomised clinical trials are needed to verify the case studies’ findings, assess their generalisability, and quantify the effectiveness of plant-based diets in the management of type 1 diabetes.

(IANS)

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Diabetes, Diets Rich In Carbohydrates, Plant-Based Diets, Type-1 diabetes 2020-07-25 16:44:07 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Diabetes-Testing.jpg
Eat Chocolate Once A Week To Keep Your Heart Healthy https://odishatv.in/health/eat-chocolate-once-a-week-to-keep-your-heart-healthy-464146 Fri, 24 Jul 2020 09:11:37 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=464146

New York: It seems like chocolate is good for the heart as researchers have said that consuming chocolate at least once a week is linked with a reduced risk of heart disease. The study, published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, suggests that chocolate helps keep the heart’s blood vessels healthy. In the past, […]

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New York: It seems like chocolate is good for the heart as researchers have said that consuming chocolate at least once a week is linked with a reduced risk of heart disease.

The study, published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, suggests that chocolate helps keep the heart’s blood vessels healthy.

In the past, clinical studies have shown that chocolate is beneficial for both blood pressure and the lining of blood vessels.

“I wanted to see if it affects the blood vessels supplying the heart (the coronary arteries) or not. And if it does, is it beneficial or harmful?” said study lead author Chayakrit Krittanawong from Baylor College of Medicine in the US.

The researchers conducted a combined analysis of studies from the past five decades examining the association between chocolate consumption and coronary artery disease (the blockage of the coronary arteries).

The analysis included six studies with a total of 336,289 participants who reported their chocolate consumption.

During a median follow-up of nearly nine years, 14,043 participants developed coronary artery disease and 4,667 had a heart attack.

Compared with consuming chocolate less than once a week, the findings showed that eating chocolate more than once a week was associated with an eight per cent decreased risk of coronary artery disease.

“Chocolate contains heart-healthy nutrients such as flavonoids, methylxanthines, polyphenols and stearic acid which may reduce inflammation and increase good cholesterol (high-density lipoprotein or HDL cholesterol),” Krittanawong said.

The research team noted that the study did not examine whether any particular type of chocolate is more beneficial and whether there is ideal portion size.

“Chocolate appears promising for prevention of coronary artery disease, but more research is needed to pinpoint how much and what kind of chocolate could be recommended,” the study authors wrote.

While it’s not clear how much chocolate is optimal, the study researchers warned against overeating.

“Moderate amounts of chocolate seem to protect the coronary arteries but it’s likely that large quantities do not,” they said.

“The calories, sugar, milk, and fat in commercially available products need to be considered, particularly in diabetics and obese people,” the research team concluded.

(IANS)

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chocolate, health, Heart 2020-07-24 14:41:37 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Chocolate.jpg
Eating Foods With Green Tea Extract May Reduce Norovirus Risk https://odishatv.in/health/eating-foods-with-green-tea-extract-may-reduce-norovirus-risk-463981 Thu, 23 Jul 2020 15:38:22 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=463981

New York: Adding green tea extract to prepared foods may lower chances of catching the highly contagious norovirus, say researchers. Norovirus is a very contagious virus that causes vomiting and diarrhoea and people of all ages can get infected and sick with norovirus. It’s transmitted from person to person and through consumption of contaminated water […]

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New York: Adding green tea extract to prepared foods may lower chances of catching the highly contagious norovirus, say researchers.

Norovirus is a very contagious virus that causes vomiting and diarrhoea and people of all ages can get infected and sick with norovirus.

It’s transmitted from person to person and through consumption of contaminated water and food.

“Norovirus is a tough virus to work with – it is a non-enveloped virus, which is the type more resistant to sanitizers and antimicrobial agents,” said study senior author Melvin Pascall from the Ohio State University in the US.

“However, because it has public health concerns and has been implicated in a number of foodborne outbreaks, we wanted to look at the effects of green tea extract on norovirus,” Pascall added.

In a study, published in the International Journal of Food Science, the research team revealed that adding green tea extract to a film-forming substance created a safe-to-eat barrier that killed norovirus as well as two types of bacteria.

According to the study, they created the films with a base substance called chitosan, a sugar found in the exoskeleton of shellfish.

Chitosan is marketed as a weight-loss supplement and used in agricultural and medicinal applications and has been studied extensively as a safe and readily available compound for edible film development.

Previous studies have suggested that chitosan has antimicrobial properties. But norovirus might exceed its bug-fighting abilities: In this study, the researchers found that chitosan by itself did not kill the virus. To test the effects of green tea extract, the researchers dissolved it alone in the water and added it to a chitosan-based liquid solution and dried film.

Several different concentrations of the green tea extract showed effectiveness against norovirus cells, with the highest level tested in this study killing them all in a day.

“We had tested the chitosan by itself and it didn’t show much antimicrobial activity against the virus,” Pascall said.

“But when we added the green tea extract to chitosan, we saw that the film had antiviral properties — so we concluded the antiviral properties were coming from the green tea extract,” Pascall informed.

The scientists introduced at least one million virus cells to the solution and dried films. Those containing green tea extract lowered the presence of virus cells within three hours.

“The films with the highest concentration of green tea extract reduced norovirus to undetectable levels by 24 hours after the exposure,” the authors noted.

(IANS)

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Foodborne Outbreaks, Green Tea Extract, health, Norovirus 2020-07-23 21:46:43 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Green-Tea.jpg
Want To Live Longer? Follow A Plant-Based Protein Diet https://odishatv.in/health/want-to-live-longer-follow-a-plant-based-protein-diet-463879 Thu, 23 Jul 2020 09:29:23 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=463879

New York: If you want to lead a healthy, long life, read on. Researchers have found that diets high in protein, particularly plant protein, are associated with a lower risk of death from any cause. Diets high in protein, particularly protein from plants such as legumes (peas, beans and lentils), whole grains and nuts, have […]

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New York: If you want to lead a healthy, long life, read on. Researchers have found that diets high in protein, particularly plant protein, are associated with a lower risk of death from any cause.

Diets high in protein, particularly protein from plants such as legumes (peas, beans and lentils), whole grains and nuts, have been linked to lower risks of developing diabetes, heart disease and stroke.

While regular consumption of red meat and high intake of animal proteins have been linked to several health problems, the study published in the journal The BMJ, said.

But data on the association between different types of proteins and death are conflicting.

So researchers based in Iran and the US set out to measure the potential dose-response relation between intake of total, animal, and plant protein and the risk of death from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer.

They reviewed the results of 32 studies that reported risk estimates for all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality in adults aged 19 or older.

All studies were thoroughly assessed for bias (problems in study design that can influence results).

Mathematical models were then used to compare the effects of the highest versus lowest categories of protein intake, and analyses were done to evaluate the dose-response relations between protein intake and mortality.

During a follow-up period of up to 32 years, 113,039 deaths (16,429 from cardiovascular disease and 22,303 from cancer) occurred among 715,128 participants.

The results show that a high intake of total protein was associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality compared with low intake.

Intake of plant protein was associated with an eight per cent lower risk of all-cause mortality and a 12 per cent lower risk of cardiovascular disease mortality.

Intake of animal protein was not significantly associated with risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer mortality, the study said.

A dose-response analysis of data from 31 studies also showed that an additional three per cent of energy from plant proteins a day was associated with a five per cent lower risk of death from all causes.

“These findings have important public health implications as intake of plant protein can be increased relatively easily by replacing animal protein and could have a large effect on longevity,” the researchers said.

“While further studies are required, these findings strongly support the existing dietary recommendations to increase consumption of plant proteins in the general population.”

(IANS)

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long life, plant protein, Plant-Based Protein Diet 2020-07-23 14:59:23 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/plant-based-protien.jpg
Nitric Oxide Treatment May Slow Progression Of COVID-19 https://odishatv.in/health/nitric-oxide-treatment-may-slow-progression-of-covid-19-463603 Wed, 22 Jul 2020 09:18:46 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=463603

Washington: Researchers now claim that nitric oxide treatment can be pivotal in the world’s fight against SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus that causes Covid-19. Nitric oxide is an antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory molecule with key roles in pulmonary vascular function in the context of viral infections and other pulmonary diseases. In SARS-CoV-1 infection, which led to the outbreak […]

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Washington: Researchers now claim that nitric oxide treatment can be pivotal in the world’s fight against SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus that causes Covid-19.

Nitric oxide is an antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory molecule with key roles in pulmonary vascular function in the context of viral infections and other pulmonary diseases.

In SARS-CoV-1 infection, which led to the outbreak of SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) in 2003, nitric oxide inhibited viral replication by cytotoxic reactions through intermediates such as peroxynitrite, the study, published in the journal Nitric Oxide, reported.

“Nitric oxide plays key roles in maintaining normal vascular function and regulating inflammatory cascades that contribute to acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS),” said study researcher Adam Friedman from George Washington University in the US.

“Interventions that are protective against ALI and ARDS can play a critical role for patients and health systems during the pandemic,” Friedman added.

According to the researchers, coronaviruses are RNA viruses that primarily infect birds or livestock but can mutate to be highly infectious and lethal in humans.

There is currently no registered treatment or vaccine for Covid-19.

The absence of a specific treatment and the high mortality rate of the virus dictate an urgent need for therapeutics that may control the replication and rapid spread of the virus.

For the results, the research team reviewed data from between 1993 and 2020 on the pathogenesis of coronaviruses and the use of nitric oxide as a treatment for respiratory illness.

The authors highlighted the potential for inhaled nitric oxide contributing to better clinical outcomes and alleviating the rapidly rising strain on health care capacity due to Covid-19.

As groups continue to publish more results with their respective nitric oxide platforms, the team recommends that dosing and protocol variations should be examined in evaluating the studies.

“With the emergence of Covid-19 as a pandemic with the ability to overwhelm the body and our health care infrastructure, patients have a pressing need for effective agents that can slow the disease in their bodies and in their communities,” Friedman said.

The authors suggest that if nitric oxide’s efficacy is illustrated for Covid-19, its use as a treatment can be pivotal in the fight against the pandemic.

(IANS)

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Coronavirus, COVID19, Nitric Oxide 2020-07-22 14:48:46 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/1dabe034a33a439b8198f5ad777.jpg
Immunotherapy Safe For Patients With Covid-19, Cancer https://odishatv.in/health/immunotherapy-safe-for-patients-with-covid-19-cancer-463467 Tue, 21 Jul 2020 10:56:06 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=463467

New York: Researchers have now shown that immunotherapy doesn’t necessarily worsen complications for patients with both Covid-19 and cancer. “Many Covid-19 complications result from an overactive immune response, leading to an increased production of proteins called cytokines,” said study researcher Layne Weatherford from the University of Cincinnati (UC) in the US. “Increased production of these […]

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New York: Researchers have now shown that immunotherapy doesn’t necessarily worsen complications for patients with both Covid-19 and cancer.

“Many Covid-19 complications result from an overactive immune response, leading to an increased production of proteins called cytokines,” said study researcher Layne Weatherford from the University of Cincinnati (UC) in the US.

“Increased production of these proteins can cause issues like a respiratory failure. Patients with cancer are more susceptible to Covid-19 infection as well as severe complications from it,” Weatherford added.

According to the researchers, many patients with cancer are treated with immunotherapy, which activates the immune system against cancer to destroy it. In patients with both Covid-19 and cancer, the research team thought that immunotherapy might increase the immune system response, which could already be overactive because of the Covid-19 infection.

They thought treating Covid-19 patients with cancer immunotherapy might result in worsening patients’ health and overall outcomes. “We are continuing to investigate whether immunotherapy causes an increased production of these proteins by immune cells from Covid-19 patients, but our initial findings are showing that immunotherapy is not significantly impacting it,” said study researcher Wise-Draper.

Researchers have conducted this study using blood samples from patients with cancer taken from the UC Covid-19 biorepository. “We examined how immune checkpoint inhibitors, drugs that allow immune cells to respond more strongly, in combination with other treatments, like chemotherapy or radiation, affect the immune cells of Covid-19 patients and patients with both Covid-19 and cancer,” she said.

The preliminary data show that an anti-diabetic drug, metformin, can reduce the production of these proteins by immune cells of Covid-19 patients.

“These are promising, initial findings. Additional research is needed, but our results show that we might be able to treat Covid-19 complications with metformin or a similar drug one day,” the study authors noted.

(IANS)

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cancer, COVID19, Immunotherapy, Immunotherapy For Cancer Patients, Immunotherapy For COVID19 Patients 2020-07-21 16:26:06 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Immunotherapy-For-COVID19-.jpg
Common Blood Test Can Aid In Advanced Treatment Of Heart Failure https://odishatv.in/health/common-blood-test-can-aid-in-advanced-treatment-of-heart-failure-463210 Mon, 20 Jul 2020 13:17:05 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=463210

New York: Researchers have developed a new use for a common blood test, which could provide potentially life-saving treatment for heart failure. According to the study, published in the journal Frontiers in Physiology, biomedical experts believe that half of heart failure patients likely have low levels of the thyroid hormone T3 in their cardiac tissue. […]

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New York: Researchers have developed a new use for a common blood test, which could provide potentially life-saving treatment for heart failure.

According to the study, published in the journal Frontiers in Physiology, biomedical experts believe that half of heart failure patients likely have low levels of the thyroid hormone T3 in their cardiac tissue.

A growing number of studies suggest that low cardiac T3 may significantly contribute to a patient’s symptoms and underlying heart dysfunction.

The symptoms of low cardiac T3 are also virtually indistinguishable from other conditions that lead to heart failure, suggesting that a significant number of underlying heart dysfunction and heart failure symptoms may actually be caused by a treatable T3 hormone imbalance.

“Despite this treatability, clinicians are hesitant to prescribe T3 to heart patients, as too much of the hormone could accidentally trigger an irregular heartbeat,” the study authors from New York Institute of Technology (NYIT) in the US, wrote.

In addition, no method has yet been identified to titrate, or continually measure and adjust, for the dosage of T3 needed to safely restore the heart’s thyroid hormone function.

Now, an existing biomarker called brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) may provide the much-needed solution, the researchers said.

In medicine, biomarkers are biological molecules found in a patient’s blood, fluid, or tissue sample that can indicate whether a disease or condition is present.

They can also be used to see how well the body responds to treatments.

During heart failure, the heart will secrete higher levels of the biomarker BNP into blood, a key indication that the heart disease is worsening.

The researchers hypothesised that by analysing a patient’s BNP levels in response to added T3, clinicians could titrate for just the right dosage required.

Using rat models of heart failure caused by low T3 and heart attack, the researchers tested their theory, examining changes in BNP, cardiac function, and heart failure genes after T3 treatment.

For the first time, they discovered through a simple blood test, not an extensive, invasive procedure, that T3 could be adjusted to safely restore cardiac hormone balance.

In addition, because heart patients routinely undergo BNP and thyroid hormone testing, these widely used biomarkers could be easily monitored from blood tests.

“The results were remarkable, suggesting that serum BNP levels can be used to titrate the volume of T3 required,” said study researchers Martin Gerdes from NYIT.

“When T3 treatment led to a reduction in serum BNP levels, this was associated with improved cardiac function and reversal of these heart failure genes,” Gerdes added.

(IANS)

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Advanced Treatment Of Heart Failure, Common Blood Test, heart disease, heart failure 2020-07-20 18:47:05 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Common-Blood-Test.jpg
New Potential Breast Cancer Drug Identified https://odishatv.in/health/new-potential-breast-cancer-drug-identified-2-463048 Sun, 19 Jul 2020 11:59:54 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=463048

New York: Scientists, including an Indian-American researcher, have identified a molecule that can help treat breast cancer, giving hope to patients who have become resistant to traditional therapies. The first-in-class molecule shuts down oestrogen-sensitive breast cancer in a new way, researchers said. First-in-class drugs are those that work by a unique mechanism – in this […]

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New York: Scientists, including an Indian-American researcher, have identified a molecule that can help treat breast cancer, giving hope to patients who have become resistant to traditional therapies.

The first-in-class molecule shuts down oestrogen-sensitive breast cancer in a new way, researchers said.

First-in-class drugs are those that work by a unique mechanism – in this case, a molecule that targets a protein on the oestrogen receptor of tumour cells.

The potential drug offers hope for patients whose breast cancer has become resistant to traditional therapies.

“This is a fundamentally different, new class of agents for oestrogen-receptor-positive breast cancer,” said Ganesh Raj, professor at the University of Texas Southwestern (UT Southwestern) Simmons Cancer Center.

“Its unique mechanism of action overcomes the limitations of current therapies,” Raj said.

All breast cancers are tested to determine if they require oestrogen to grow and about 80 per cent are found to be oestrogen-sensitive, researchers said.

These cancers can often be effectively treated with hormone therapy, such as tamoxifen, but as many as a thirds of these cancers eventually become resistant, they said.

The new compound is a potential highly effective, next-line treatment for these patients, said Raj.

Traditional hormonal drugs, such as tamoxifen, work by attaching to a molecule called the oestrogen receptor in cancer cells, preventing oestrogen from binding to the receptor, a necessary step for cancer cells to multiply.

However, the oestrogen receptor can mutate and change its shape over time so that the treatment drug no longer fits neatly with the receptor. When this happens, the cancer cells start multiplying again.

“There has been intense interest in developing drugs that block the ability of the oestrogen receptor – the prime target in most breast cancers – from interacting with the co-regulator proteins that cause a tumour’s growth,” said David Mangelsdorf, professor at UT Southwestern.

“Blocking such “protein-protein interactions” has been a dream of cancer researchers for decades.

The drug works by blocking other molecules – proteins called co-factors – that also must attach to the oestrogen receptor for cancer cells to multiply.

The new molecule, dubbed ERX-11, mimics a peptide, or protein building block.

(PTI)

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breast cancer, Breast Cancer Drug, Oestrogen-Sensitive Breast Cancer 2020-07-19 17:29:54 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Breast-Cancer.jpg
Eyes Can Reveal About Past Traumatic Experiences https://odishatv.in/health/eyes-can-reveal-about-past-traumatic-experiences-462805 Sat, 18 Jul 2020 13:04:18 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=462805

London: Researchers have found that patient’s eyes can reveal if they suffered a traumatic experience in the past. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can occur when a person has experienced a traumatic event such as a car crash, combat stress, or abuse. “The findings allow us to understand that people with PTSD are automatically primed for […]

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London: Researchers have found that patient’s eyes can reveal if they suffered a traumatic experience in the past.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can occur when a person has experienced a traumatic event such as a car crash, combat stress, or abuse.

“The findings allow us to understand that people with PTSD are automatically primed for threat and fear responses in any uncertain emotional context, and to consider what a burden this must be to them in everyday life,” said study researcher Aimee McKinnon from the Cardiff University in the UK.

For the study, published in the journal Biological Psychology, the research team looked for traces of these traumatic events in the eyes of patients who were suffering from PTSD by measuring the pupil of the eye.

The participants were shown threatening images such as vicious animals or weapons, as well as other images that showed neutral events, or even pleasant images.

The response of people with PTSD was different from other people, including people who had been traumatised but did not have PTSD.

At first, the pupil failed to show the normal sharp constriction that is caused by changes in light level – but then their pupils grew even larger to the emotional stimuli than for the other participants.

Another unexpected result was that pupils of the patients with PTSD not only showed the exaggerated response to threatening stimuli but also to stimuli that depicted “positive” images, such as exciting sports scenes.

“This shows that the hyper-response of the pupil is in response to any arousing stimulus, and not just threatening ones,” said study co-author Nicola Gray from Swansea University.

“This may allow us to use these positive pictures in therapy, rather than relying upon negative images, that can be quite upsetting to the patient, and therefore make therapy more acceptable and bearable,” she added.

According to the researchers, this idea now needs testing empirically before it is put into clinical practice.

“If someone with PTSD is faced with any high-level of emotional stimulation, even if this is positive emotion, it can immediately trigger the threat system,” the study authors wrote.

“Clinicians need to understand this impact of positive stimuli in order to support their service-users overcome the significant challenges they face,” they noted.

(IANS)

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post-traumatic stress disorder, trauma, Traumatic Experiences 2020-07-19 10:02:01 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Eyes.jpg
Prediabetes Increases Heart Disease, Death Risk https://odishatv.in/health/prediabetes-increases-heart-disease-death-risk-462677 Fri, 17 Jul 2020 17:05:40 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=462677

Beijing: Researchers have found that prediabetes increases people’s risk of heart disease and death, especially if they have a history of heart issues. Prediabetes is a “pre-diagnosis” of diabetes – when a person’s blood sugar level is higher than normal, but not high enough to be considered diabetes. It is estimated that more than 470 […]

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Beijing: Researchers have found that prediabetes increases people’s risk of heart disease and death, especially if they have a history of heart issues.

Prediabetes is a “pre-diagnosis” of diabetes – when a person’s blood sugar level is higher than normal, but not high enough to be considered diabetes.

It is estimated that more than 470 million people worldwide will have prediabetes by 2030 and up to 70 per cent of them will eventually develop type 2 diabetes, the study published in the journal The BMJ, reported.

“Prediabetes is associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in both the general population and patients with a history of heart disease,” the study authors from the Southern Medical University in China, wrote.

For the findings, the research team analysed the results of 129 studies on associations between prediabetes and the risk of CVD and death from any cause (all-cause mortality) in individuals with and without a history of heart disease.

The studies involved over 10 million individuals. Most were of high quality and took account of other potentially important factors, such as age, sex, ethnicity, and lifestyle.

The results show that in the general population, prediabetes was associated with a 13 per cent increased risk of all-cause mortality and a 15 per cent increased risk of cardiovascular disease, over an average follow-up time of around 10 years.

It also carried a higher risk of coronary heart disease and stroke.In absolute terms, this equates to seven extra deaths per 10,000 person-years and almost nine extra cases of cardiovascular disease per 10,000 person-years in the general population, compared with normal blood sugar levels.

In patients with a history of heart disease, prediabetes was associated with a 36 per cent increased risk of all-cause mortality and a 37 per cent increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

The researchers also found that impaired glucose tolerance (higher than normal blood sugar levels after eating) carried a higher risk of all-cause mortality, coronary heart disease and stroke than impaired fasting glucose (higher than normal blood sugar levels after a period of fasting).

“Screening and proper management of prediabetes may contribute to primary and secondary prevention of CVD,” the researchers noted.

(IANS)

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Diabetes, heart disease, prediabetes, Prediabetes Increases Heart Disease 2020-07-17 22:36:14 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Diabetes-Test.jpg
Obese People At Higher Risk Of Covid-19 Severity, Death: Study https://odishatv.in/health/obese-people-at-higher-risk-of-covid-19-severity-death-study-462469 Thu, 16 Jul 2020 13:13:10 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=462469

London: Researchers have found that the risk of greater Covid-19 severity and death is higher in people with any obese body mass index (BMI). The findings, published in the European Journal of Endocrinology, showed that BMI over 30 was associated with a significantly higher risk of respiratory failure, admission to intensive care and death in […]

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London: Researchers have found that the risk of greater Covid-19 severity and death is higher in people with any obese body mass index (BMI). The findings, published in the European Journal of Endocrinology, showed that BMI over 30 was associated with a significantly higher risk of respiratory failure, admission to intensive care and death in Covid-19 patients, regardless of age, gender and other associated diseases.

“Our study showed that any grade of obesity is associated with severe Covid-19 illness and suggests that people with mild obesity should also be identified as a population at risk,” said study researcher Matteo Rottoli from the Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna in Italy. The current guidelines for identifying those at higher risk in the UK are set at a BMI of 40 but these data suggest people with BMI over 30 should also be classified as at risk.

Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, several studies have implicated obesity as a risk factor for more severe effects and death in Sars-COV-2 infection. The UK and US guidelines for identifying those at greater risk are set at a BMI of 40 and above. However, these recommendations were necessarily based on smaller studies and limited data, given the novelty and fast progression of the Sars-COV-2 pandemic.

For the findings, the research team analysed the outcomes of almost 500 patients hospitalised with Covid-19.

They found that obesity was associated with a significantly higher risk of severity and death but also that any BMI higher than 30 was associated with these adverse outcomes. According to the study, the association between higher BMI and severe Covid-19 illness is strong but the cause remains to be explained.

An impaired immunological response to viral infections, alterations of lung function and obesity-related chronic inflammatory states have all been suggested as the link. The next step for this research would be to understand these mechanisms.

“Our hypothesis is that Covid infection outcomes depend on the metabolic profile of patients and that obesity, interlaced with diabetes and metabolic syndrome are involved too,” Rottoli said.”BMI cut-off should be reassessed to ensure we identify everyone at higher risk of serious infection and to avoid underestimating the potential population impact of Covid-19 infection,” he noted.

(IANS)

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Coronavirus, COVID-19, Obese People 2020-07-16 18:43:10 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/Obese.jpg
Early Life Stress May Lead To Depression In Adolescence https://odishatv.in/health/early-life-stress-may-lead-to-depression-in-adolescence-462425 Thu, 16 Jul 2020 09:17:53 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=462425

Toronto: Researchers have found that individuals exposed to early life stress (ELS) were more likely to develop a major depressive disorder (MDD) in childhood or adolescence. For the findings, published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, the research team examined the association between eight different types of ELS and […]

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Toronto: Researchers have found that individuals exposed to early life stress (ELS) were more likely to develop a major depressive disorder (MDD) in childhood or adolescence. For the findings, published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, the research team examined the association between eight different types of ELS and youth-onset depression.

The authors found that while some types of ELS (e.g. poverty) were not associated with MDD, other types of stress, including emotional abuse, were associated more strongly with MDD than a broader assessment of ELS.

“Researchers have documented that early life stress increases the risk of developing depression in adulthood,” said study lead author Joelle LeMoult from the University of British Columbia in Canada. “We wanted to know the degree to which it was associated with depression earlier in life–specifically during childhood or adolescence,” LeMoult added.

Given that earlier onset of depression often mean a more recurrent course across the lifespan. The researchers found that exposure to early life stress more than doubled the likelihood someone will develop youth-onset depression. “These findings indicate that there is a narrow window between adversity and depression during which we have the opportunity to intervene,” the study authors wrote.

The findings are based on a meta-analysis of data from 62 journal articles and over 44,000 unique participants. Studies that assessed early life stress and the presence or absence of MDD before the age of 18 years were also included. Compared to youth who were not exposed to ELS, youth who were exposed to ELS were 2.5 times more likely to develop MDD. The authors also conducted eight additional meta-analyses to examine the association between different types of ELS and a diagnosis of MDD during childhood or adolescence.

Sexual abuse, physical abuse, death of a family member, domestic violence, and emotional abuse were associated with a significantly higher risk for youth-onset MDD. Taken together, findings provide evidence that the adverse effects of ELS on risk for MDD manifests early in development, before adulthood, and varies by type of ELS, the researchers said.

“Further, findings support recommendations to use best-practice methods in early life stress research,” they wrote.

Also Read:

Childhood Abuse Can Elevate Heart Disease Risk In Women

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adolescence, depression, HealthTips 2020-07-16 14:47:53 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/depressio.jpg
Childhood Abuse Can Elevate Heart Disease Risk In Women https://odishatv.in/health/childhood-abuse-can-elevate-heart-disease-risk-in-women-462320 Wed, 15 Jul 2020 17:06:30 +0000 https://odishatv.in/?p=462320

London: Women are more likely to have heart disease following a childhood that involved maltreatment including physical abuse, sexual abuse, or neglect, warn researchers. The findings, published in the journal Heart, also revealed that adults who experienced various forms of maltreatment in their childhood appear to have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Previous studies […]

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London: Women are more likely to have heart disease following a childhood that involved maltreatment including physical abuse, sexual abuse, or neglect, warn researchers.

The findings, published in the journal Heart, also revealed that adults who experienced various forms of maltreatment in their childhood appear to have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease.

Previous studies suggested that childhood maltreatment is associated with an increased risk for many adverse mental and physical health outcomes, including cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in adulthood. “There is also little evidence of how the association between maltreatment in childhood and CVD differs by sex and age,” the study authors from the University of Bristol in the UK, wrote.

For the results, the research team set out to assess and compare associations between childhood maltreatment and cardiovascular disease in men and women in the UK as well as possible age differences and associations with early-onset CVD. They analysed responses to an online mental health questionnaire completed by 157,311 participants from the UK Biobank – an international health database designed to improve prevention, diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of serious and life-threatening illnesses.

The people selected had information on physical, sexual or emotional abuse, or emotional or physical neglect.

The findings showed that emotional neglect was the most common type of childhood maltreatment (22.5 per cent), followed by physical abuse in men (21.1 per cent) and emotional abuse in women (17.9 per cent).

The study that all types of maltreatment were associated with increased risk of CVD in both sexes but all forms of the maltreatment were more prevalent in women except for physical abuse, which was more prevalent in men.

Women were also more likely to experience a higher number of types of childhood maltreatment – 4.6 per cent of women experienced four or more types of maltreatment, compared with 2.7 per cent of men. Younger participants also reported a higher number of maltreatment types, especially women.

When only medical records and measured blood pressure were considered, the occurrence of CVD was lower, but the same sex and age patterns were observed. “All types of maltreatment were associated with a higher risk of CVD in both men and women, with stronger associations in the latter and in younger participants, but some age differences disappeared when only early-onset CVD was considered,” the authors concluded.

(IANS)

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Childhood Abuse, Girl Child Abuse, heart disease, heart disease risk in women, sexual abuse 2020-07-15 22:36:30 https://img.odishatv.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Girl-Child-Abuse.jpg