India among top 10 manufacturing nations in world
Efficient use of energy, helped by enhanced labour productivity and increase in exports of manufactured goods, helped the country secure its position among the top 10 industrial producers.
Even though the country had only 1.8 per cent share in the world manufacturing between 2000 and 2010, India occupies the 9th position among the global leading manufacturing countries.
"Competitiveness of Indian manufactured goods in the global markets has significantly improved," Chief Statistician of the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) Shyam Upadhyaya said while releasing the report.
Higher output growth rates have allowed the Indian industry to improve major performance indicators such as labour productivity, he said.
The country has made significant progress in the use of energy for industrial production.
"This is borne out of the fact that in the last 10-years, India`s manufacturing output grew by 7 per cent average per annum while industrial energy consumption grew at much lower rate of 3.6 per cent," Upadhyaya said.
The US tops the list of 10-top industrial producers followed by China, Japan and Germany. Brazil was at the bottom of the list.
"Ranks are not stable due to close competition of emerging economies. In the coming years, Russia, Mexico and Spain might increase their share and occupy higher position," he said.
Industrialised countries account for more than two-third of the world industrial output, but the share of developing countries is rising from 20 per cent in 2000 to 32.1 per cent in 2010.
As per the report, in the last decade, share of major industrialised countries such as the US, Japan and Germany in the world manufacturing has fallen.
The report said manufacturing output of three developing countries — China, Brazil and India — has grown by almost 10 per cent on an average in the last decade.
The UNIDO report said manufacturing output grew by 3.7 per cent in the industrialised countries after experiencing a severe decline in 2009.
It further said that China`s industrial growth was unaffected during the recent economies crisis. "The country accounted for almost half of total manufacturing output of all developing countries in 2010," it said.
Upadhyaya said the centre of world industrial growth has shifted to developing countries and India, with important attributes — size, growth and diversity — is a leading player in this process.
"Shift of production plants, outsourcing and FDI has contributed to the fall of share of manufacturing in industrialised countries and rise in developing countries," he said, adding rapid growth of industry in developing nations may face the challenge related to energy and environment.
The UNIDO statistics further said India`s textile, chemical products, basic metals, machinery & equipment, and electrical machinery segments were only second to China among the developing nations.
The statistics helps businesses and policy makers in taking decisions, Upadhyaya said.