Bhubaneswar/New Delhi : Introducing a two-tier interest rate structure for the savings bank accounts, State Bank of India (SBI), on Monday, slashed the interest rate on deposits of up to Rs 1 crore by 0.5 per cent to 3.5 per cent, triggering rate war among peers.
The decision of the bank came two days ahead of RBI’s monetary policy meet and is likely to impact almost 90 per cent of the customers.
SBI’s savings bank account base is of around Rs 9 lakh crore.
The country’s largest lender, SBI, however will continue to pay 4 per cent interest on savings bank accounts with deposits of above Rs 1 crore, it said in a statement.
The two-tier savings bank account interest rate comes into effect from today. The bank’s savings account rate was 3.5 per cent during March 2003 to May 2011 for all savings bank account customers.
The reduction, SBI said, is on the back of large inflows in savings and current accounts during demonetisation period in November & December 2016.
“The decline in the rate of inflation, high real interest rates and the expected softening of interest rates are the other considerations warranting a revision in the rate of interest on savings bank,” it said.
Later, talking to reporters in a conference call, SBI Managing Director Rajnish Kumar said the 4 per cent interest rate on savings bank accounts has remained static since 2011, although the overall interest rate has come down and also the retail inflation.
The rationale for the rate cut, Kumar said, is that the real interest rates are really high and “there was no choice for the bank but to bring down the savings bank account interest rate…We have been cutting the term deposit rates and were watching for a right time (to cut rates).”
Under the current circumstances, Kumar said the choice before the bank was to either raise the marginal cost of lending rates (MCLR) or cut savings bank interest rates.
“We did not consider it appropriate to raise the MCLR, because for lot of segments like agriculture, SMEs, retail housing, affordable housing, the cost and EMI would have gone up,” he added.
Moreover, Kumar said the bank witnessed a surge in deposits following demonetisation in November and bulk of such deposits, which attracts interest are still with the bank.
“The revision in savings bank rate would enable us to maintain the MCLR at the existing rates, benefiting a large segment of retail borrowers in SME, agriculture & affordable housing segments,” Kumar said.
The lender has also encouraged customers to move to fixed deposit rates (FDR) citing less volatility.
“We encourage people to move to FDR as we expect less volatility and better facilitation due to our strong reach, distribution and franchise network. Reduction in rates was also important as it was difficult to maintain MCLR at the current levels,” he said further.
SBI caters to a customer base of more than 42 crore of which nearly 2 crore use mobile banking. Around 3.27 crore are internet banking users, 1.03 crore are State Bank Buddy users and 34.5 crore are debit card holders.
The lender is a trend setter and may prompt peers to follow suit.
When asked if the bank would further cut both the lending and savings rate if RBI cuts the key repo rate in its August 2 monetary policy review, he said the bank will take a call accordingly.
Bank’s Asset-Liability Committee (ALCO) meeting is also scheduled in the last week of August.
Stock of the bank closed 4.46 per cent up at Rs 312.55 on BSE today.
With PTI Inputs