Eco resilient, global efforts needed for growth: FM
Mukherjee further said that performance of Asian economies in short to medium-term is crucial not only to keep the engine of global growth running, but also to hasten global recovery. In the long term, a key advantage that Asian economies, prominently India and China, possess is high rates of savings and investment, he said Inaugurating a seminar on `21st century as the Asian Century – Role of India and China`, organised by Manipal University.
He added that India`s resilience results from the fact that the bulk of country`s GDP is driven by domestic demand. Asian economies in general have evolved to be attractive destinations for foreign direct investment, which is aiding innovation in their economies, Mukherjee said. On global efforts, he said, "We must appreciate that to gain in unison, we must act in unison. Even in the existing international fora, including the G-20 and the IMF, we should aim to coordinate more in areas where there is significant collective gain to be achieved."
Mukherjee added, "A crisis of the magnitude that we are witnessing compels us to take notice of our deficiencies, suitably re-orient policies and re-define priorities." Going forward, he said, GDP growth in many developing nations must be accompanied by measures aimed at fulfilling the aspirations of the young population just as social security compulsions would assume prominence in ageing societies.
Mukherjee pointed out that there is worldwide recognition of the fact that most Asian economies, including India, are poised to attract long-term growth, despite some short-term challenges. International Monetary Fund (IMF) expects growth in Asia Pacific region to gain momentum in 2012, with a growth projection of 6 per cent in 2012 and 6.5 per cent in 2013. India`s growth in 2011-12, the Finance Minister said, is estimated to have slowed to 6.9 per cent. Before the global financial global crisis in 2008, the country had grown at 9 per cent.
Mukherjee said, however, the domestic banking sector is robust and the exports are increasingly getting diversified with developing countries being country`s largest market. "Our regulatory mechanisms have been successful in ensuring financial sector robustness in the economy. China`s policy too has started emphasising a growth strategy that is more dependent on domestic demand," he said.